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Kamchatka Natural Parks: Nalychevo
September 30, 2018 00:07

 The most mysterious and beautiful place on the Kamchatka peninsula is the Nalychevo park. It is located close to the river with the same name, from different sides it is approached by a chain of glaciers, ancient volcanoes and waters of the Pacific Ocean.
Already five years as a natural park "Nalychevo" have been included in the list of the UNESCO international organization. Its territory is recognized as unique. People come here  to fill themselves with the force of unusual beauty of volcanoes, to admire the deer, the bears... In addition to natural beauties, the park has opportunities for a healing rest in thermal springs.

Tourist Routes
The two largest centers close to the park are the cities of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (25 km) and Elizovo (20 km). The central part of the park can be reached by helicopter for half an hour. From here it is convenient to start routes to active volcanoes and thermal springs. There are several equipped tourist houses with different levels of comfort here.   Tourists can order food in the local canteen, or   cook themselves.  
Thermal springs and the Dzenzur volcano are the most accessible routes, and they are very popular. Pass, which is crossed by tourists, is relatively low - about 500 meters. A ten-kilometer trail leads to the local lore sources. Next to them - an amazing miracle - travertine domes of orange color. For thousands of years limestone has taken such forms that it is impossible to tear the view from the landscape.
Among the most interesting trails of the park is a mountain tundra tour. From the height of the rocks you can admire the majestic volcanoes.   Not far from the crater, guests of the park can notice the frozen lava and other consequences of eruptions, because Avachinsky volcano is still active.  
The path to   Vershinsky Lake also goes through the mountain tundra. Observing the magnetic beauty of mountains, tourists imperceptibly go to mineral springs. 
The most popular hiking trail leads from the village of Pinachevo. At the post "Semenovsky", which is twenty kilometers from this place, tourists can sleep at  night. Under specially installed canopies, food is prepared, and guest houses are used for recreation. They can accommodate 10-20 people. The route is more than forty kilometers long and will take two days. It will be necessary to cross the Pinachevsky pass, which height is more than a thousand meters. This is the optimal time to experience the unique nature here and raise your sporting spirit.
In winter the park is famous for other kinds of tourism, more extreme. This time is for skiers and snowboarders. From snow-covered volcanoes, the roads are a few kilometers long.   And after the completion of the route tourists can swim in the hot springs.  
Fire and Ice
The natural park "Nalychevo" occupies almost 300 thousand hectares. In the natural park, special observation platforms are equipped, from which the active volcanoes are perfectly visible. The highest of them is Koryak (3456 m), followed by Avachinsky and Zhupanovsky (over 2700 m) and Dzendzur (2156 m). Certainly, the most favorite entertainment for tourists in the park is bathing in hot springs. However, it is not possible to do this everywhere. Among them there are those where the water temperature rises to seventy-five degrees. The best for swimming are Talovsky and Goryachechychensky springs. They are equipped for the convenience of tourists. However, this is not just bathing for fun - the local water has healing properties for the skin, and for the body as a whole. In terms of chemical composition, it resembles narzans, known Caucasian mineral waters.

The climate in the reserve is predominantly continental. Winter is quite cold, and summer is warm. This is facilitated by the presence of volcanoes. The snow cover appears in the park in October and reaches two meters in winter. Snow disappears by the end of June, and summer begins. The warmest period is the end of July and the beginning of August.

All guests of the park wish to see the main member of the local animal world - the brown bear. And this is quite real. On this territory there are more than a hundred bears. In the center of the reserve, animals appear even in the tourist base. Leaving the house, do not be surprised if you notice a big brown back in the thickets nearby. In a warm season, they come to eat berries. However, do not be afraid - they will not come to visit you closely. Most often they can be found on the right bank of the Goryachaya River, and the houses are located on the opposite side. In autumn, bears are fishing near the river, then it's harder to notice them.

In shallow water you can see a wolf. These predators often fish here on spawning rivers. Their tracks on the snow can be seen even near the houses of the central part of the park. Kamchatka sable lives in the forest. Scientists note that in the park they feel comfortable enough, and the number of them is rapidly increasing every year. They are already more than three hundred. There are also such predators as wolverines and lynx. On a white blanket of snow you easily notice their tracks.  The park is famous for such rare species as a snow sheep and Kamchatka reindeer.  There are about 130 species of birds in the park. Gulls, petrels, sandpipers, as well as hundreds of other birds inhabit the rivers.  Winter eagles, golden eagles and eagles are attracted to fish here. The water is warmer because of the flowing hot springs. Birds come here from the local mountains. In the area of the Dzendzur volcano, ornithologists often notice how adult eagles nest, later they observe flights of their offspring. However, eagles and golden eagles nest in very inaccessible places, and the nests themselves could not be found by scientists.

For excursions of ornithologists or simply bird lovers, the park's employees developed seven routes.

Location:  Nalychevo Natural Park is located in the valley of the river of the same name. Nalychevo is a very popular tourist area in Kamchatka, because of its close location to Elizovo and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.

What to see:
the surrounding places are rich in cold and thermal springs, most of which, according to their natural properties, have no analogues on the territory of Russia. It is interesting to visit the valley of the Goryachaya River (Hot River). Its water is heated by thermal springs and has a very comfortable temperature for swimming.

There are some volcanoes on the territory of the park: Avachinsky, Koryaksky, Zhupanovskaya hill, Dzenzur and Aag. There are cold narzans and hot springs, smoking fumaroles and mud boilers on the volcanoes’ slopes.

One of the local attractions is the travertine shield - the exit of rock composed of calcium carbonate. In order to allow the tourists to see the bright red travertine exits, the park’s workers laid special wooden bridges over them.

How to get there: there are two ways to reach the park. The fastest way is to fly from Elizovo to Nalychevo by helicopter, which takes about 20-25 minutes.

The second way is more popular. It is a pedestrian crossing from the cordon in Pinachevo village. In winter, they fly to the central part of the park by helicopter, arrive by cross-country vehicles or make cross-country skiing. One-day helicopter tours for acquaintance with the Nalychevo Natural Park in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky can be purchased for about 14 thousand rubles.



Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Kamchatka Russian National Parks Ecotourism   

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