Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS
russian visa


Nikolskaya Street in Moscow
August 24, 2018 10:49


(Source: https://pastvu.com/p/36356)
Nikolskaya Street in Moscow  is one of the oldest in the capital. It is located between two squares - Red Square and  Lubyanskaya Square.

Until the times of the Tatar-Mongol yoke, Nikolskaya Street existed as part of the Great Vladimir Road, which connected Moscow with the ancient Russian cities of Suzdal, Vladimir, and also Rostov the Great.

1292 was the time of establishment  of the Epiphany Monastery on this important path. The erected walls of the Kitay-Gorod in 1534-1538 separated Nikolskaya from Bolshaya Lubyanka and Sretenka. 

Book Moscow Tours

Nikolskaya Street - the origin of the name

Based on the chronicles, the first name of the street was Sretenskaya (from the Sretensky Monastery located here). In the 16th century, the street was renamed to Nikolskaya. The name is associated with the monastery of St. Nicholas the Old at the beginning of the street, built on the Vladimir tract back in 1390. 



History and sights of Nikolskaya street
The Story of Nikolskaya Street
Before the formation of the Red Square, the Nikolsky Gates of the ancient Kremlin were considered the beginning of the Nikolskaya Street. Then it stretched to the Kitay-Gorod walls, the Nikolsky Gates, later renamed to the Vladimir Gates. The events of 1708 led to the fact that expecting  the siege of Moscow by the troops of Charles XII, the townspeople were forced to lay the Vladimir gates on Nikolskaya street and build defensive bastions in front of them. For the passage from Kitay-Gorod, new  gates of the fortress wall were built in the area of the Small Cherkassky Lane. 

Book Excursions in Moscow

Unlike the business-like Ilinka Street and the trade-like Varvarka, Nikolskaya Street was formed as a corner of spirituality and enlightenment, becoming a prestigious place in Moscow. Prior to the construction of the walls of the Kitay-Gorod, there were already several monasteries, courtyards of the boyar nobility, and shopping arcades in Nikolskaya. Up to the seventeenth century, such noble representatives of the clans as Vorotynskys, Khovanskys, Buinosov-Rostovs, Saltykovs, Khvorostinskys, Sheremetevs and others inhabited the street. In addition to these buildings, there were many parish churches with temples. The most significant of all was the Kazan Cathedral with its shrine – the Kazan icon of the Mother of God. From the fifties of the sixteenth century, monks from the holy mountain Athos began to visit the street. They were allowed to conduct services on the territory of the St. Nicholas Monastery  in their native language. 



Nikolskaya is also known  as the birthplace of printing in Russia. It was here at the Printing Yard, in 1564, when the first book of Ivan Fedorov and Peter Mstislavets "The Apostle" was published.

The school, located at the Zaikonospassky Monastery at the end of the XVII century, was considered the most prestigious educational institution in Russia.

Significant transformations in the design of Nikolskaya street began at the end of the seventeenth century, when the construction of stone buildings started. New shopping arcades became a landmark of the city. Customers were served here at the highest level.  

In 1808, the largest bookshop of Moscow appeared on Nikolskaya Street. The owner of the store was the bookseller Glazunov. It is interesting to know that in the first half of the 19th century, there were 26 bookstores of 31 existing in Moscow on the Novaya Square, adjacent to Nikolskaya Street. 

By the twentieth century, Nikolskaya Street has become one of the business centers of the capital. Here offices of major manufacturers were arranged; hotels and  the restaurant "Slavianski Bazaar" appeared. It is believed that it was in this first Russian restaurant  when Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko were discussing the creation of the Moscow Art Theater   in June of 1898.

The revolution of 1917 caused considerable damage to the architectural constructions of Nikolskaya Street. Many churches were closed, the Resurrection Gates and most of the walls of the Kitay-Gorod were demolished. In the period from 1953 to 1993, Nikolskaya  was named as the Street of October 25.



Houses and places of interest on Nikolskaya street:
 
5 - The Moscow Mint
 
11 13 – The St. Nicholas Greek Monastery
 
15 - The Synodal Printing House
 
17 - Hotel and restaurant "Slavianski Bazaar"
 
19 - Tretyakovsky shopping arcade
 
21 – Ferrein’s Pharmacy 
 
23 - Former Chambers of Khovansky 
 
4 - Shevaldyshev Compound
 
10 - Sheremetev Compound

Make your travel  in Russia easy and rely on our Russian airports  transfer services or buy train and bus tickets online
 
 
 

 




Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Moscow Nikolskaya Street    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Lake Baikal: Svyatoy Nos Peninsula Krasnoyarsk Territory: Active and Cultural Holidays The Legend Of Elbrus Edge Of The World. Why Do People Go To Kamchatka? Baikal: Olkhon island









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Lyubim  St. Petersburg  Sakhalin  illegal content  Primorsky Territory  Kamenka  Russian tourism  Lawrence Brownlee  Moscow  Exhibitions in Moscow  Leah Akhedzhakova  New Year  Russian Literature  Spassk-Dalny   Festivals in Moscow  Dalnegorsk  May 9  Arkhangelskoye  FC Rostov  Nikolay Zelinsky  Russian cuisine  Moscow airports  Russia-Finland  Archeology  Suvorov Military School  Russian business  Street Art  Experimentanium Museum  Kazan  Russian oil  Samara  Woodwork  The Golden Ring of Kuzbass  Rostov Region  Russian children  All Events  Russian legislation  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Maria Sharapova  public transport  Archaeology  Svyaznoy  Moscow hotels  Andrey Platonov  The First Settler Monument  Russian stock exchange  Russian Cinema  military historical festival   Russian singers  Russian International 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites