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Kalach On Don
January 10, 2016 10:57


(Source: http://kk.convdocs.org/docs/index-177164.html)

There are two cities called Kalach on the map of Russia: in the Voronezh region and on the Don, and even biographies of these cities are similar. Both have existed since the beginning of the XVIII century, both these cities are situated in a bend of the river. Both of them had experienced cruel wars of the XX century.

Both cities are associated with the Don basin, although the official prefix "the Don" has the only one that stands directly on the River Don on the left bank of the Tsimlyansk reservoir. Amazing landscape, steppe with beamed ravines, gateways and monumental structures of Volga-Don canal, excellent fishing – just even for the sake of this the city is worth to be visited.

The coast panorama with the Arc of Triumph of last thirteen gateways in the front of the Don, Lombardy poplars and tall multi-figure monument "Connecting fronts" is a rare form of beauty, which also can be considered as the gateway to the history of Kalach.

The city received the title of City of Military Glory recently, in 2010, and more than deservedly: in Kalach the ring of Soviet troops defending Stalingrad closed in November 1942. It is a combination of the Second South-Western and Stalingrad fronts. (However, the exact location of the connection is now gone under water of the Karpovskiy reservoir.) At that time Kalach was not a city. It was a settlement, which grew out of the old Cossack farm. Then, in 1708 it became a village and received a city status in 1951 after Volga-Don Canal being opened.

Therefore Kalach became a "port of five seas." Before being a channel it was an important trading port, which was built in the south of the oldest railway line. Unfortunately, at the present neither passenger trains or cruise ships do not go to Kalach. The closest quay is located in the village of Pyatimorsk, 5 kilometers from the city.

A big river station stays as a monument to the past in Kalach. It is a two-storey station-ghost, where the vessels do not come. The river cargo port is still operating.
 

Kalach stands directly on the River Don on the left bank of the Tsimlyansk reservoir. Amazing landscape, steppe with beamed ravines, gateways and monumental structures of Volga-Don canal, excellent fishing – just even for the sake of this the city is worth to be visited. The coast panorama with the Arc of Triumph of last thirteen gateways in the front of the Don, Lombardy poplars and tall multi-figure monument "Connecting fronts" is a rare form of beauty, which also can be considered as the gateway to the history of Kalach. The city received the title of City of Military Glory recently, in 2010, and more than deservedly: in Kalach the ring of Soviet troops defending Stalingrad closed in November 1942. It is a combination of the Second South-Western and Stalingrad fronts. (However, the exact location of the connection is now gone under water of the Karpovskiy reservoir.) At that time Kalach was not a city. It was a settlement, which grew out of the old Cossack farm. Then, in 1708 it became a village and received a city status in 1951 after Volga-Don Canal being opened. Therefore Kalach became a "port of five seas." Before being a channel it was an important trading port, which was built in the south of the oldest railway line. Unfortunately, at the present neither passenger trains or cruise ships do not go to Kalach. The closest quay is located in the village of Pyatimorsk, 5 kilometers from the city.

The city's main monuments are graves and war memorials, including fraternal burial of soldiers of the Great Patriotic War in the main square, the Eternal Flame, a monument to gunned-down prisoners of war near the city hospital, a monument to the dead children.

Three memorial tanks fought at Stalingrad - T-34, T-70 and IS-2. The most important tank for the city is T-70, established by the tank crews immediately after the liberation of Kalach. Small Central Park called as Avenue of Heroes appeared in 1918: it was made by young communists in the memory of the victims of red fighters. This green park is hardly the only good thing that was brought by the Soviet regime to the city. The rest was dramatic. During the Civil War Kalach turned out to be in the epicenter of the confrontation of reds and whites. It passed from hand to hand eight times and saw the white and red terror.

The Monument to victims of the Red Army is another gloomy city obelisk. The exposition of History Museum, which occupies one of the survived merchant mansions in Voroshilov alley, shines a spotlight on the Cossack ethnography and history of the Kalachevsky farm and military exploits, and the construction of the Volga-Don, at the same time it also gives the impression of falling out from the current real time. There are not any notable landmarks in Kalach.

Pre-revolutionary buildings preserved in some places in the city. The oldest buildings are considered to be two wooden small palaces built at the turn of XIX-XX centuries for shipyard workers. The main church is St. Nicholas Church.



 

 

Sources: http://strana.ru 


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Kalach On Don Voronezh region    

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