Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS
russian visa


History of Russian Railways
August 29, 2018 00:12


(Source: https://www.tutu.ru/poezda/content/istoriya_zhd_rossii)

The history of railways in Russia began in 1834. That time the mining department invited the famous engineer, Franz von Gerstner, to St. Petersburg.

How to Buy Cheap Train Tickets for Russian Railways - Save Money Following our Tips

He traveled many cities, up to the Urals, and then prepared a serious report to Tsar Nicholas I. They decided to build a small line first and see how the railway will stand the Russian winters. This was the famous Tsarskoselskaya railway, in 1836. The first steam-powered train was driven by engineer von Gerstner himself the first few days up to Tsarskoye Selo and back to Petersburg. The track of European roads repeats the width of the Roman wagons. In Russia they decided not to repeat them, and  make the track wider - so it is possible to transport more cargoes, and the passengers will feel more comfortable while travelling.

In 1845, in Russia they had already built steam-powered railway engines, and in the second half of the XIX century the railway boom began. The private companies were attracted for constructing the railways. In the Volga region the "bread" road was laid. They built a strategically important Orenburg railway - a military and trade route to Asia. For the development of Siberia and the Far East in 1857, they decided to build the Trans-Siberian Railway. Trans-Siberian Railway was recognized as the greatest technical achievement of the turn of the XIX and XX centuries.

The construction of the roads did not stop during the Great Patriotic War: they laid the North Pechora road to Vorkuta, and this was coal for metallurgy; they built the Volga road, which provided everything necessary for the Stalingrad Front Line. The road on the ice crossing from Shlisselburg was laid, along which the cargo was transported to blockaded Leningrad.

Actually about 80% of the network of “RZhD” (“Russian Railways” Company) was built before 1917.

In Soviet times, new roads were constructed too, but mostly in the Union republics. The largest Soviet-era construction site in Russia was the Baikal-Amur Mainline (1974-1984), which gave a new push to the development of Siberia.


 




Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Russian Railways Russian Railways Tickets travel to Russia   

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Russian Railways: What to Do if your Ticket has Errors? Yermolino Airport Reconstruction Fate and Fortunes of Airports after Domodedovo Explosion Car Free Day in Moscow How to Get to Orenburg Airport









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
Olympics 2014  Russian economy  Russian Cup  Maria Sharapova  Russian science  corruption  accommodation in Russia  Russian writers  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Moscow Metro  Smolensky Bank  Exhibitions in Moscow  Khabarovsk  gambling in Russia  fashion designer  Russian Cinema  architecture in Moscow  Russian scientists  odd news  Moscow government  Moscow events  Rodion Shchedrin  St. Petersburg  Alexey Navalny  Russian Monuments  City Hunter  space news  Russian business  Ilya Ponomarev  Bolshoi Theatre  World Champions  Vladimir Domogatsky  Grushhinsky Festival  Nikolay Emanuel  Russian oil  Moscow  Municipal Improvement  Russian regions  Russian tourism  Portugal  Kabardino-Balkaria  The Romanov Family  Alexander Rukavishnikov  Paulina Andreyeva  mode of life  ski tourist route   Adygea  Leo Tolstoy  Kazan Fifa Russia   Russian circus 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites