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Moscow Parks: the Bauman Garden
December 31, 2018 00:29

(Source: https://-./2014/09/11)

Address: 15 Staraya Basmannaya Street, Moscow. Metro station: Krasnye Vorota.

There is an islet of greenery and comfort attracting thousands of the residents of Moscow and guests of the capital every day right in the centre of Moscow, in the middle of the city bustle and its frantic pace of life. This is the Bauman Garden, which is a landscape art monument of regional importance.

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Historical background

The Bauman Garden is located on the site of several estates of the nobiliity built in the 18th century. The central estate is that of the Prince Mikhail Golitsyn which was very popular during the life of its owner. Golitsyn thought it wrong to enjoy the beauty of this amazing place alone and opened its gates for everyone. Aleksandr Pushkin and Nikolai Gogol, Ivan Turgenev and many other famous poets and writers liked to walk along the shady alleys of this park. At the beginning of the 20th century, two more estates were added to the Golitsynsky Park – those of Levashovs and the Chulkovs-Raspchins, located nearby.

The Bauman Garden Today

The Bauman Garden in its present form was opened in the 1920s with the annexation to the existing park of the estate of the well-known gold producer of that time - Stakheev. The first name received by the park was: “The garden named after the May Day”. In 1922, the park was named after the neighboring Baumanskaya Street - the Bauman Garden. This name has persisted until now. Today, the garden covers an area of only about 5 hectares, situated between the Staraya (“Old”) and Novaya (“New”) Basmannaya streets. This small plot of land combines historical buildings representing unique examples of the architecture of XVIII century, shady alleys and a diverse infrastructure of entertainment in a harmonious way.

Main Attractions

The main attraction of the park is the ancient “Belvedere” grotto built in the 18th century, being a town-planning and architectural monument of the federal significance. It has even been entered in the register of attractions of the capital. Another significant place, not known by everyone, is the unique fountain, presenting a basilisk statue. This fountain is a gift from the Swiss city of Basel, one of the symbols of which is the basilisk. The residents of Moscow who received such a gift, equated the basilisk and the dragon killed by St. George on the Moscow coat of arms, and placed the fountain on the territory of the modern Bauman garden.

Speaking about the attractions of the park, we cannot but mention its alleys that have existed for more than one hundred years.

Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Moscow Moscow parks    

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