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Korkino is a Russian town (from 1942), the administrative center of the Korkino District of the Chelyabinsk Region. The town is located in South Ural, at the 42 km distance from Chelyabinsk. It is a railway station at a branch from the line Chelyabinsk Troitsk of the Southern Ural railroad.

History of Korkino

Korkino appeared as a settlement in the middle of the 18th century. It was the small village located 14 miles from Etkulsky Fortress, on a brisk steppe road from the Chelyabinsk Fortress to Orenburg and Verkh-Yaitsky Fortress, on River Chumlyak. According to one of the versions, the surname of four brothers Korkins was fixed in the name of the settlement; they were state peasants, natives of Korotkova Village of Shadrinsk Town and serve as Cossack in the Chelyabinsk Fortress in 1736. However, another version of the origin of the settlement spread wider. According to a legend, Korkino was founded in 1746 by fluent convict Athanasius Korkin, a Mari by nationality, who hardly spoke the Russian language. He married a young widow Marfa and built a house on the bank of River Chumlyak, far away from curious eyes. Soon Marfa's relatives from Etkulsky Fortress started joining the Korkins, and the squat gradually grew up into a small settlement.

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  (Chelyabinsk Region)

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