Add to favorite
 

russian visa
    Altai Territory

History

The Russian colonization in the area of the Upper Ob and the Altay piedmont began in the second half of the 17th century. After the building of two fortresses, Beloyarskaya (1717) and Bikatunskaya (1718) ones, the colonization processes activated, because they provided safety in the falls of the attacks of the nomadic Dzungar people (a medieval nation, one of the Mongol ethnic groups). During the 18th century the mineral resources were explored in the Altay Mountains, and it was the manufacturer from the Ural Akinfey Demidov, who took advantage of the finds made by Kostylevs, the father and the son.

In the second half of the 18th century the region (a part of Altay Mountain District, which included the contemporary Novosibirsk and Kemerevo Regions, a part of the Tomsk and East-Kazakhstan Districts) became the centre of the mining industry. The mining factories, ore mines, forests and lands belonged however to the Emperor. All of it was being administrated by the special office in St. Petersburg. The local administration was being executed by the militaries and mining engineers. Among them Ivan Plozunov should be mentioned, who was the first in Russia to construct a steam engine and the first in the world to create a two-cylinder one.

In the second half of the 19th century the mining factories became unprofitable and were closed. The foundation of the regions economy became the agriculture. Besides corn growing the region cultivated potatoes and developed bee-farming. By the beginning of the 20th century the dairy farming came to the fore in the economy of the region. The butter from Altay was exported to the West Europe.

At the same time the transport system of the region was developing. A section of the trans-Siberian Railroad went through the northern part of the region. By the 1915 the Altay Railroad was constructed, the water transport was being improved as well.

READ ARTICLES ABOUT ALTAI...


Tags:


Region:


City:






Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit




TAGS:
FIFA Russia Cities  Ancient Temples  Buzz Barometer  Yuri Gagarin  Airbus A321 Crash  Exhibitions in Moscow  advertising in Russia  Ufa  St. Petersburg  Taimyr  migration in Russia  Mongolia  Miners  Vologda  Meccano  Day of Russia  Russian radio stations  Pussy Riot  Russian directors  Russian science  Russian business  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian Cinema  Russian economy  Pobeda  Russian gas  Polyot   Live, Forest!   Sergey Urusevsky  sanctions  The Universiade Museum   Naryn-Kala  All Events  Russian National Parks  Russian army  Russian scientists  Festivals in Moscow  Krasnoyarsk  Russian tourism  Arkhangelsk region  Arbitration Court  Festivals in Saint Petersburg  Moscow Spring  Moscow  ice town  Big Four  Russian cuisine  Russian Arts and Crafts  Mikhail Degtyarev  Moscow Zoo 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites