Add to favorite
 

russian visa
    Altai Territory

History

The Russian colonization in the area of the Upper Ob and the Altay piedmont began in the second half of the 17th century. After the building of two fortresses, Beloyarskaya (1717) and Bikatunskaya (1718) ones, the colonization processes activated, because they provided safety in the falls of the attacks of the nomadic Dzungar people (a medieval nation, one of the Mongol ethnic groups). During the 18th century the mineral resources were explored in the Altay Mountains, and it was the manufacturer from the Ural Akinfey Demidov, who took advantage of the finds made by Kostylevs, the father and the son.

In the second half of the 18th century the region (a part of Altay Mountain District, which included the contemporary Novosibirsk and Kemerevo Regions, a part of the Tomsk and East-Kazakhstan Districts) became the centre of the mining industry. The mining factories, ore mines, forests and lands belonged however to the Emperor. All of it was being administrated by the special office in St. Petersburg. The local administration was being executed by the militaries and mining engineers. Among them Ivan Plozunov should be mentioned, who was the first in Russia to construct a steam engine and the first in the world to create a two-cylinder one.

In the second half of the 19th century the mining factories became unprofitable and were closed. The foundation of the regions economy became the agriculture. Besides corn growing the region cultivated potatoes and developed bee-farming. By the beginning of the 20th century the dairy farming came to the fore in the economy of the region. The butter from Altay was exported to the West Europe.

At the same time the transport system of the region was developing. A section of the trans-Siberian Railroad went through the northern part of the region. By the 1915 the Altay Railroad was constructed, the water transport was being improved as well.

READ ARTICLES ABOUT ALTAI...


Tags:


Region:


City:






Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map

TAGS:
tickets to Sochi  Chelyabinsk  Russian Finance Ministry  Lurkmore  Andrey Tupolev  Kostomuksha  Artists  St. Petersburg  Russian Poetry  Meridians of the Pacific" Film Festival   Russian cars  E-tickets  Arc Electronic  Comics  Vologda  Resources  Sculpture  Klyuchevskoy Volcano  Kaluga Region  New Year celebrations  polls  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Tyumen  Mariinsky theatre  Governors of Russia  Soviet Animated Films  Monuments in Moscow  Russian parliament  Festivals in Moscow  Arkhangelsk  Russian designers  Russian sportsmen  Russian Cinema  airport transfer in Russia  Strogino  Kabardino-Balkaria  Exhibitions in Moscow  September Electric  retail chains  Grigory Rasputin  Zaryadie Park  Russian amusement parks  Russian business  Russian regions  Pskov Region  Chelyabinsk meteorite  Moscow  Russian Animation  Russian tourism  travel to Russia 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites