Add to favorite
russian visa

The oldest town in the Russian Federation - Derbent - is over 5,000 years old and is now included into the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Derbent is located 121km from Makhachkala, on the seashore of the Caspian Sea. The territory occupied by the city encloses a narrow strip of land stretching between the spurs of the mountains of Tabassaran (The Great Caucasian Ridge) and the Caspian Sea.

The fortress enclosing this narrow passage was called in many ways by different peoples (Dar-band (knot of the gates), Bab-al-Abuab (gates of gates), Temir-Kani (iron gates) etc.), meaning 'gates'. For Russians the Persian name sounded like Derben (iron gates). Thus, the city got the name of Derbent.

The history of the city is rich in events. The first settlements appeared here 5,000 years ago in the Bronze Age. The city was first mentioned by Gekatey from Milet, Ancient Greek philosopher (4th century BC). The role Derbent and its narrow territory lying between impenetrable mountains and the Caspian Sea played was really very important. Derbent was located in a strategically important place of the famous Caspian Track connecting Eastern Europe and Asia. Due to its strategic location, Derbent was regularly attacked by Skiffs, Sarmats, Allans, Gunnes, Khazars, Tatars, etc. The city survived assaults and invasions, depressions and flowering days. The Great Silk Route passed through Derbent that was the crossroad of civilizations connecting Wets and East, South and North.

In 1722, the Russian emperor Peter I, at the head of the Persian campaign, was given a ceremonial reception by representatives of the local nobility. According to Gulistan Agreement, Derbent was incorporated into Russian Empire in 1813.

Derbent's ancient town walls with numerous towers and gates had been destroyed several times under pressure of wars and time, but again and again they stood up on guard of "the iron gates". At first they were of pise, and only Khosrov Anushirvan erected stonewalls in 567.

In the time of the Khalifat, Derbent played a prominent role as it was the residence of the governor-general. Arabs brought Islam to Derbent and built here one of the biggest mosques- Moscque Juma (re-built in 733-34 on the basis of a Christian basilica of the 6th century).

Merchants from different parts of the world used to haunt Derbent's markets renowned for a great variety of goods. Silk, wool and cotton, carpets, jewelry, weapons, and dishes were brought from the countries of the East to the Western Europe and Russia.

Once the center of a principality (administrative unit of the tsarist Russia) in 1846, Derbent started to grow rapidly, especially when a railroad leading to Baku came through the city.

Tags: Derbent     



Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

  (Dagestan Republic)

Cities of the region


Festivals in Saint Petersburg  Russian art  Zaryadye  Russian singers  Russian air carriers  Kaliningrad Region  Russian Cinema  Russian oil companies  Moscow exscursions  Russian visa  air tickets to Russia  Vladimir Vernadsky  Beslan Tragedy  Theatre Festivals  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  St. Petersburg  Exhibitions in St. Petersburg  ancient coins  Lovers Bench  Mountain Complex  Russian tourism  Russian scientists  Sergey Magnitsky Law  Solovki  Russian science  Balkans  Tolstoy Weekend Festival  Moscow  Kemerovo Region  Fyodor Konyukhov   Nizhny Novgorod  Russian hospitality industry  Russian Film Distribution  human rights  accommodation in Russia  Russian business  Monuments to People  Sberbank of Russia  Polyus Gold  Ossetia  Russian economy  Amur Tiger  New Films  Barnaul  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian technologies  Wi-Fi  Elections 2012  Silver Ring  Early Music Festival 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites