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    Stavropol Territory

History

Stavropol was the Russian military supply center throughout the Caucasus campaigns that lasted until 1850s. The region is still an important industrial and cultural center of the Central Caucasus.

Stavropol, the capital city of the region, was founded in 1777 as one of the defense fortresses protecting the southern border of Russia. Since 1822 Stavropol which means town of the cross became the center of the Caucasus region. In the 18-19th centuries Stavropol was on the main post road connecting the Caucasus with central regions of European Russia, which contributed to the citys development into a large commercial and administrative center.

In 1935 the city got the name of Voroshilovsk after the famous Soviet statesman K.E. Voroshilov (1881-1969). Yet, in 1943 when the city was liberated from Nazi troops, it got its ancient name of Stavropol.

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