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    Kislovodsk

History of Kislovodsk is closely related with the source of mineral water Narzan, around which the town was later built. Official foundation year of Kislovodsk is 1798, when the town welcomed guests for the first medical season. In 1803 a fortress was built near the mineral water spring, and later it transformed into a resort area. At that time first citizens started migrating here from other Russian regions.

In 1822 mineral spring was framed with a luxurious two-storey building, where a restaurant was opened. Said restaurant has a vast dancing hall and rooms for guests. Town authorities built Narzan gallery, where visitors could improve their health with drinking healing waters of Caucasus. Architecture of the gallery building belonged to Victorian style construction works lasted for ten years and ended in 1858. Years passed, and Kislovodsk became greener emeralds of alleys and parks sparkled in the towns crown and the largest diamond was Semigradusniy spring, which waters were as cold as 7 degrees Centigrade. Today the spring turned into a clear pond with the Glass stream one of the towns major attractions.

Kislovodsks population grew rapidly from 1551 to 6000 between 1881 and 1891. A great role in population boom belonged to highway, which connected Kislovodsk with Mineralnye Vody in 1875, and to railroad, making the town available for guests from the centre of Russia via same Mineralnye Vody. Convenient transport infrastructure brought many new visitors to the town, thus requiring new accommodation areas and increasing mineral water consumption. In 1895 electricity came to the town, and in 1896 a small plant started producing bottled mineral water.

Verkhniy (Upper) Park was decorated with a unique construction a concert hall, looking like a giant shell, with unique acoustic characteristics. During 1920s and 1930s many new sanatoriums were built, and old building were reconstructed.

In 1928 centre of the town acquired new modern bathhouse, consisting of 60 cabins. Oktyabrskie baths were full of light and had large mineral water tank 400 cubic meters. The same year old bottling plant was reconstructed and modernized. In 1934 town authorities built a house for therapeutic mud baths, which provided silt sulfide mud for everyone, who wanted to improve health. Later more new sanatoriums, located in zones of favourable microclimate, were open to host growing flow of visitors.

In 1950 all medical facilities and sanatoriums of the town were totally restored after Great Patriotic war. Moreover, scientists performed massive hydrogeological survey, which resulted in finding new mineral water springs for balneal needs. New healing areas with up-to-date medical equipment provided maximum comport for visitors.

Balneal centre of the town is located on 50letiya Oktyabrya Avenue, a green street, full of architectural and historical monuments with perfect combination of modern and old buildings. Kislovodsk is surrounded with green ring of trees, which keep the air in the town clear and tasty.

The town also has an industrial zone, which is in harmony with its healing specialization. Town dwellers do everything for visitors to feel calm and comfortable. For keeping Kislovodsks appearance unique, town authorities decided to unite old and new construction areas. Residential buildings, higher than 7 stories, are prohibited in the resort.

Modern Kislovodsk is one of the cleanest and greenest towns of Russias south.



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