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Kuybyshev is a Russian city (from 1782 to 1935 it was known as the town of Kainsk), the administrative center of the Kuibyshev District, the Novosibirsk Region.

It is located on Barabinsky Lowland, on the banks of River Om (inflow of Irtysh), 315 km to the west of Novosibirsk.

It has a railway station and is a big highway junction.

Kuibyshev is a well-developed industrial center of the Barabinsky Lowland. It is due to its location on River Om and connection with the Trans-Siberian Railway.

Its territory is 110 and its population makes 44 843 people (as of January 2012).

The major sights in the city are the Museum of Local Lore and John the Baptist Church built in 1904 the only one in the city that escaped destruction in the Soviet era.

History of Kuybyshev

It was founded in 1722 as the military fortification Kainsky Pas for protection of Barabinsky dwellers against Kalmyks and Kyrgyz. The settlement of Kain (kain means birch as translated from the Tatar language), appeared next to the fortification and was transferred to the territory of the present city in 1772.

From 1782 it was the Kainsk district town of the Tomsk Region of the Tobolsk Province. In 1804 it became the district city of the Tomsk Province. Located on the Siberian Route it was a busy trade point.

In 1856 the district town of Kainsk of the Tomsk Province had 2 churches, 383 houses, and 28 shops.

After construction of the Trans-Siberian Railroad, which was laid 13 km to the south of Kainsk the town considerably lost its former value. At the end of the 19th century Kainsk had 5 stone and about 900 wooden houses, a girls pro-grammar school, and a parish school.

In 1935 Kainsk was renamed into Kuybyshev after the revolutionary figure of Valerian Kuybyshev (1888-1935), who was there in exile in 1907-09.

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  (Novosibirsk Region)

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