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    Krasnodar Territory


The land of Kuban is certainly the ancient one. Favorable natural conditions and mild climate contributed to the appearance of the fist early ancient human settlements. The discovered sites of ancient people in the territory of the region permit to track practically all archeological epochs. The ancient Kuban possesses the very stormy history. Different tribe and peoples invaded this land: ancient Greeks founded here their cities-colonies, hordes of Huns, Hazars, Pechenegs, Polovtsy and Mongols and Tatars invaded the land. Colonies of Italian merchants maintained close links with Adyg tribes. Later Turks succeeded to install their influence upon Kuban.

The first Slavonic settlement appeared here in the 10th century after the establishment of the Russian town of Tmutarakan on the Taman peninsula that existed till the Tartar-Mongol invasion.

Catherine the Great granted the lands of the Taman Peninsula with the environs in 1792 to the Black Sea Host (the former Zaporozhets) that became famous after battles with Turks in order to protect new South boundaries of Russia. Thus, the first settlement of Kuban Cossacks appeared here. The first group of combatant Cossacks headed by S.Bely arrived here by sea and on August 25, 1792 and landed in Taman.

After several divisions the Krasnodar Territory was finally formed in 1937 and exists in this form till present day.




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