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    Tuma

Tuma (Nikolaevskaya Tuma till 1917) is a Russian urban township in the Klepikov District of the Ryazan Region.

Tuma stands on River Narma (inflow of River Goose), in the central part of Meshcherskaya Plain. It is located 30 km away from the district centre, 96 km away from Ryazan, and 200 km away from Moscow.

The population of Tuma makes 6036 people (as of 2014).

History of Tuma

Tuma was a settlement till 1938 and then got the status of an urban township. Its original name Nikolaevskaya Tuma was related to the local St. Nicholas Church: the settlement was recorded in chronicles of 1637 1648 as a country churchyard with St. Nicholas the Wonderworker Church and the Prophet Elijah. After the October Revolution of 1917 its name was changed into Tuma in order to avoid associations with the name of Emperor Nicholas II.

In the early 1930s peasants revolted against collective-farming imposed by the Soviet power. It was provoked by the closing of the local Trinity Church by the district administration. 500 people in Tuma demanded opening the church. The same demands were stated by dwellers of 5 neighboring settlements, not without the slogans: Down with collective farms! The leaders of the revolt tried to turn it into the slogan Down with communists! By movement were enveloped Tuma, Tverino, Izvekovo, Vetchana and Spirino settlements participated in the movement. The life of the deputy secretary of the Tuma District committee of the All-Union Communist Party Brusilov was attempted on February 28.

Places of Interest

The Trinity Church constructed in 1823 stands out with its unique marble iconostasis. The church building is an architecture monument.

In the centre of Tuma there is a row of shopping stalls of the late 19th early 20th centuries.

A memorial complex stands in the Cemetery of special hospital of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs No. 5963; German and Romanian soldiers were buried there.

Tuma also attracts industrial tourists with a complex of wide-track and narrow-gage depots, which have remained from the Meshchersky Trunk.

The Tuma railway station harbors the museum of narrow-gage railroad engineering.

In the vicinities of Tuma there are numerous former station settlements and camps of NKVD (the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs). Near the Golovanovo Settlement there are residuals of the notorious settlement Kursha-2, where 1200 people were lost in 1936.

The outstanding Russian writer A. I. Kuprin lived in the Vetchany Settlement. Not far from it there is the natural boundary of Kursha, where natives of the Lithuanian Principality settled and founded Catholic community in the times of Oleg Ryazansky.



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Tuma
  (Ryazan Region)

Cities of the region

    Ryazan
    Shatsk
    Polyany
    Spassk-Ryazansky
    Lesnoy
    Mikhaylov
    Korablino
    Ryazhsk
    Rybnoe
    Novomichurinsk
    Shilovo
    Sasovo
    Skopin
    Kasimov
    Spas-Klepiki


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