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History of Kashin

The part of the towns history known to us starts from the troubles which overcame Kashin in 1238. Kashin is mentioned in the list of towns subdued by the Mongol-Tatars. So the history of Kashin is traditionally reckoned from that year, though the town undoubtedly existed much earlier. Most probably, the town got its name not due to the food liking (Kasha, i.e. porridge) of the local population, but after Kashinka River on the banks of which it stands.

The most heroic pages of Kashins history are related to the epoch of the struggle of Moscow and Tver for superiority in Russian lands. The town protected interests of Tver in the northeast. In 1288 Prince Dmitry Aleksandrovich, the aggressor from Vladimir, having gathered his allies, laid a siege to Kashin, but the town withstood, though suffered considerable economic damage.

From the early 14th century the towns growth recommenced, and moreover, Kashin became the centre of an independent principality. Its Prince was Vasily Mikhailovich, the son of Tver Prince Mikhail Yaroslavich killed by Mongol-Tatars. The princedom pursued the policy of supporting Tver and had to struggle against two interventionists at once - Mongol-Tatars and Muscovites. The further destiny of the town is more than didactic. Vasily Mikhaylovich bettered himself and became the Prince of Tver. It happened in the mid 14th century. It turned out, however, that not all of his relatives were happy about it. So, Vasily got some internal enemies. Then he lost the Tver throne and found out that he had friends. They were Moscow princes that he had been fighting against before. So then Tver became the main enemy.

Vasily's descendants continued the sacred deed of fighting against their relatives and, finally, succeeded. Vasily Mikhaylovich II together with Dmitry Donsky defeated the former parent state and received independence for seven years and promoted strengthening of Moscows positions.

In 1382 Vasily Mikhaylovich II died and Kashin was again annexed to the Tver Princedom. From 1399 to 1426 Kashin again became the centre of an independent principality, the fact letting it start new intrigues against the capital.

In 1426 the Tver Prince Boris Aleksandrovich lost his patience and did away with the Kashin principality. In 1452 Dmitry Shemyaka known for his deeds of blinding the Moscow prince Vasily Temny and capturing his throne besieged Kashin. However the fortress proved to be above his bend. In 1485 the Moscow Prince Ivan III put an end to the independence of Tver, having annexed it to his dominion.

In the 16th century the town was rather peacefully developing away from a big-times policy. The 17th century brought new trials to Kashin residents. In 1609 the town was seized by the Polish and Lithuanian army, but then released by Russian troops. In 1612 it was captured by the Poles again and this time was almost totally ruined.

The towns modern appearance started to take shape in the 17th century, along with the blossoming of stone building construction. Kashin lived a quiet trading and handicraft life, held fairs and produced whitewash, bricks and iron-wares. An important role belonged to merchants, who did not only build private residences, but also donated money for building of churches and monasteries, which the town is still proud of. In 1884 a spa resort was arranged on local mineral waters.




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  (Tver Region)

Cities of the region

    Vyshny Volochyok
    Zapadnaya Dvina


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