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    Kamchatka Territory

Geography

Kamchatka, a peninsula comparable in size to Japan, is washed by the Pacific Ocean and the Bering and Okhotskoe Seas. Kamchatka is very sparsely populated, averaging less than 1 person per square kilometer. Most of the inhabitants live in the regional capital, Petropavlovsk, but a traditional way of life continues in the peninsula's many scattered villages.

Kamchatka stretches from the North to the South for about 1,500 km. It occupies an area of 470,000 sq. km. There are two mountain ranges - Sredinny and Vostochny in the central part of Kamchatka. The Central Kamchatka lowland is between them.

The climate of the Kamchatka peninsula is very peculiar and is influenced by the ocean and seas, by its unique relief, and wind monsoons. Kamchatkas climate is characterized by the diversity of climatic zones, including maritime zone on the coasts, a continental zone in the central valley and an arctic zone in the north of the peninsula.

Summer is a time of rapid growth and flowering as all of the flora and fauna hurries to complete a years worth of activity before winter returns. Summer daylight hours are long. It can rain during summer and there may still be snow on the ground, particularly on the altitudes. The summer average temperature is 10 to 20 degrees Centigrade, while winter average temperature is 8 to 15 degrees Centigrade below the zero.

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