Add to favorite
 

russian visa
    Republic of Tatarstan (Tatarstan)

History

The first settlements in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan date back to Paleolithic period (100,000 years ago). In the 8-11 centuries, tribes of the ancient Bulgars, ancestors of the modern Tatars, began to populate the Volga region. The first state - the Volga-Kama Bulgaria - was set up at the end of the 10th century. The Bulgars were the first in Europe to begin to smelt iron and make qualitative leather goods, erect castles with central heating. The Bulgar mosques and medrese (Muslim clerical schools) diffused learning and culture in the neighbouring regions. In 1236 the Bulgar state fell under the pressure of the Mongol-Tatars. Many towns, i.e. Bulgar, Bilyar, Suvar, etc. were destroyed and set on fire. In the XIII-XIVth CC. the territory of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria became the part of the Turkic state Zolotaya Orda (Golden Horde). The collapse of Zolotaya Orda resulted in formation of a number of new states including the Kazan Khanate. It inherited ethnic, language, religious, cultural and trade-economic traditions of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria. Kazan became the capital of the newly formatted state. The Kazan Khanate ceased its existence in October 1552, after two-month siege when troops of Ivan 4 (the Terrible), numbering 150,000 people, conquered Kazan.

A path-breaking step in the way of reconstruction of state independence of the Tatar people was proclamation of the Volga region autonomy in 1920.

The end of this century brought new possibilities for reconstruction of state independence of Tatarstan. On 30 August 1990, the Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Republic was adopted and signed. In line with people's will, referendum, held in March, 1992 and new Constitution of the Republic of Tatarstan, adopted on November 6, 1992 established a new state status of the Republic.

Tags:


Region:


City:






Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map

TAGS:
missile defence system  Moscow  Gazpromneft  Russian fashion  Russian business  Interethnic Journalism  Moscow Region  Fabio Capello  Peterhof  Airports of Russia  Deripaska  Mistral  Russian circus  contemporary art  Russian Cinema  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russia  Bakhtyar Khudojnazarov  Russian transportation  Ignitor  Russian government  Samutsevich  Art Critics  Vasily Chapayev  Russian church  Alexander Scriabin  Russian children  Museums of Russia  Russian tax authorities  Russian Literature  Archeology  Film Distribution  Frescoes  Barnaul  Central House of Artist  Siberia  Exhibitions in Moscow  Kaliningrad  Russian tourism  Furnaces  Mobile Apps  Tsaritsyno  Republic of Karelia  Russian history  Sochi Winter Olympics  International Tchaikovsky Competition  Unified State Exam  Alexander Porokhovschikov  Facebook Hacker Cup  Painting 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites