Add to favorite
 

russian visa
    Republic of Tatarstan (Tatarstan)

History

The first settlements in the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan date back to Paleolithic period (100,000 years ago). In the 8-11 centuries, tribes of the ancient Bulgars, ancestors of the modern Tatars, began to populate the Volga region. The first state - the Volga-Kama Bulgaria - was set up at the end of the 10th century. The Bulgars were the first in Europe to begin to smelt iron and make qualitative leather goods, erect castles with central heating. The Bulgar mosques and medrese (Muslim clerical schools) diffused learning and culture in the neighbouring regions. In 1236 the Bulgar state fell under the pressure of the Mongol-Tatars. Many towns, i.e. Bulgar, Bilyar, Suvar, etc. were destroyed and set on fire. In the XIII-XIVth CC. the territory of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria became the part of the Turkic state Zolotaya Orda (Golden Horde). The collapse of Zolotaya Orda resulted in formation of a number of new states including the Kazan Khanate. It inherited ethnic, language, religious, cultural and trade-economic traditions of the Volga-Kama Bulgaria. Kazan became the capital of the newly formatted state. The Kazan Khanate ceased its existence in October 1552, after two-month siege when troops of Ivan 4 (the Terrible), numbering 150,000 people, conquered Kazan.

Food Tour The Russia Real Food Adventure

Book Russia Tour: Last Journey Of The Tsars (Moscow, Suzdal, Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Yekaterinburg)

A path-breaking step in the way of reconstruction of state independence of the Tatar people was proclamation of the Volga region autonomy in 1920.

The end of this century brought new possibilities for reconstruction of state independence of Tatarstan. On 30 August 1990, the Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Republic was adopted and signed. In line with people's will, referendum, held in March, 1992 and new Constitution of the Republic of Tatarstan, adopted on November 6, 1992 established a new state status of the Republic.

READ ARTICLES ABOUT REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN...


Tags:


Region:


City:






Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map

TAGS:
Bologoye  Monuments in Irkutsk  Viktor Tsoi  Russian regions  Exhibitions in Samara  Military Parade  Sochi  Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov  Russian Ice Shows  Spacecrafts  Russia 360  Moscow Region  Russian Cinema  energy drinks  Astrakhan Region  Russian opera singers  Life Saving  Adobe  Dmitry Sandzhiyev  Russian law  St. Petersburg  Uzdunrobita  Russian tourism  technology  travel to Russia  aircraft  Perm Territory  Moscow hotels  Ukraine crisie  Russian software  Russian business  Yermolino Airport  Exhibitions in Moscow  Gelendzhik  Russian Literature  Old Ornaments  meteorite   Central Bank  Moscow  Sergei Witte  Russian businessmen  Festivals in Moscow  Architecture  business  Russian Spacemen  airport transfer Saransk  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian sportswomen  Robots  Russian scientists 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites