Add to favorite
 
russian visa
    Gzhel

Gzhel is the famous blue and white pottery produced in a group of around 30 villages situated some 60 kilometers south east of Moscow. Gzhel ceramics can be described as faience or majolica, sort of pottery made from fired clay and adorned with colored glaze. Among the most distinctive feature of Gzhel pottery is the cheerful combination of the white background with a blue floral design.

A more general meaning of Gzhel is the whole area, consisting of these 27 villages united into Gzhelski kust (Gzhel bush). Located on the railroad rout Moscow-Murom-Kazan, Gzhelski kust now is part of the Ramenski District of the Moscow Region.

The very first record of Gzhel is found in the will of Ivan Kalita of 1328. Later this name is repeated in ecclesiastical letter missives of other princes and the will of Ivan the Terrible of 15721578.

From olden times Gzhel was famous for its clays. Wide extraction of various sorts of clay was performed there from the mid 17th century. Till the mid 18th century Gzhel made ordinary for that time pottery, bricks, tile pipes, izrazets (glazed tiles), and primitive toys, providing Moscow with them.

In 1812 Gzhel had 25 factories that produced earthenware. From the second half of the 1820s many items came to be painted with blue colour only.

The second half of the 19th century was the time of greatest artistic achievements of Gzhel ceramic art in all its fields. Aspiring to get delicate thin faience and porcelain, the production owners constantly perfected the composition of the white paste.

From the mid 19th century lots of Gzhel factories dilapidated and ceramic production concentrated in the hands of the Kuznetsovs, once locals of Gzhel. After the revolution Kuznetsovs factories were nationalized.

Only from the mid 20th century Gzhel saw the revival of its famous handicraft, which lately marked its 650th anniversary. In the 1930s and 1940s almost half of all Russian porcelain and faience enterprises were located there.

In 1912 a railway station named Gzhel after the place, was established on the branch line Moscow-Cherusti of the Kazan railroad. A settlement that sprang up around the station is also called Gzhel.



Tags:


Region:


City:






Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



Gzhel
  (Moscow Region)

Cities of the region

    Sergiev Posad
    Kolomna
    Dmitrov
    Pavlovsky Posad
    Serpukhov
    Korolev
    Dubna
    Zaraisk
    Klin
    Podolsk
    Pushchino
    Balashikha
    Mozhaisk
    Zvenigorod
    Zheleznodorozhny
    Zhukovsky
    Krasnogorsk
    Aprelevka

History

TAGS:
Russian festivals  St. Petersburg  Slava Zaitsev  Olympic Torch   Gallery of Classical Photography  health  rouble  Murmansk Region  Russian law  medicine  Russian church  Russian tourism  bank account  The Big Cartoon Festival   terrorism in Russia  Banks of Russia  censorship in Russia  Russian science  Central House of Artist  Russian education  satellite  Russian business  Russian politicians  Russian Cinema  Multi-Child Families   Book Tickets for Concerts  Russian Poetry  Russian economy  Faceted Chamber  Dombai  Golden Ring  Maria Sharapova  VDNKh  Gazprom  Palaces of Russia  Moscow hotels  Arkady Dvorkovich  Pulkovo Airport   Manezh Square  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Football  Cancer  Russian scientists  Moscow Internationsl House of Music  Exhibitions in Moscow  active holidays in Russia  Moscow  Inta  litvinov  Exhibitions in Saint Petersburg 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites