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The town of Dubna is located at a historically rich site. First human settlements date back to mesolith and neolith. Chronicles start mentioning the site, where the Dubna river flows in tho theVolga river, in 1134. Later these territories went under supervision of Tatishev family. The village Ivankovo first appeares in historical papers in 18th century. The village changed owners several times, and its population was into agriculture, fishing and shoemaking.

In the thirties of 20th century the settlement started rapidly changing due to construction of the Moscow Channel and first hydroelectropower plant on the Volga River. Several neighbouring villages were moved away, including Ivankovo. After construction of power units plant personnel left to live near it, and another working settlement appeared. During the Great Patriotic War fascist troops were stopped 20 km away the future town. Local population made a great contribution to the victory of our country, as all other people did.

After the war local air pruductin became the basis for two construction bureaus, where Soviet and German engineers were employed. That was the start for modernization of the area. In 1947 Igor Kurchatov initiated an ambitious scientific project - researchers started building largest world accelerator of charged particles - synchrocyclotrone, which was launched in 1949. At the same time a residential area was built, which was called Dubno, where, in 1953, Soviet Academy of Sciences opened the Institute of Nuclear Problems. After European physicists established CERN, Soviet government responded with Joint Institute of Nuclear Research (JINR) with participation of Asian and European socialist states. This event became crucial in the history of the village. In 1956 Dubno and nearest villages were united in a town, called Dubna. In 1960 the town consumed the settlements from the opposite bank of the Volga river.

New stage of development started in 1969, when construction of the factory, producing equipment for nuclear power plants, was launched. First products of the factory appeared in 1973. In 1976 another science and research centre appeared, which produced control systems for Soviet open waters. In 1980, when MOscow hosted the Olympic Games, Dubna opened the Centre of Space Communication, which broadcasted TV signal to Europe and Atlantic. Since that times Dubna became large international telecommunication knot.

In the mid-eighties of the 20th century Dubna was a large science and production centre of the Moscow region and the whole country with well-developed systems of education, medicine anbd culture. During economic crisis of 1990s the town concentrated of preservation of its intellectual potential and science and research facilities. In 1994 Dubna opened State international university of nature, society and humanity.

Twenty first century stimulated dynamic growth of the town. Dubna became the science city with state development programme. Many eminent Russian scientists contributed to the town's glory.




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  (Moscow Region)

Cities of the region

    Sergiev Posad
    Pavlovsky Posad


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