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Belgorod region.

How to get there and away

Air

Belgorod airport operated regulate service to/from Moscow (Vnukovo or Sheremetevo airports, daily), Kazan, Samara, Yekaterinburg, Norilsk, Novy Urengoy (daily), Surgut (6 times a week), Murmansk and Arkhangelsk (5 times a week), Voronezh (3 times a week), etc.

Train

There are regular trains to/from Moscow (Kursky station, daily), Anapa (once a week), Voronezh (twice a week), etc. There are also transit trains with a stop in Belgorod following from Dnepropetrovsk to Moscow, from Donetsk to Moscow, from Sevastopol to St. Petersxburg, from Murmansk to Simpheropol.

Bus

Regular buses run to/from Moscow (692km, once daily), Oryol (299km, once daily), Voronezh (269km, 4 times daily), Lipetsk (392km, once daily), Stary Oskol (148km, several times daily), Kursk (148, every other day), Kiev (523, once daily), Donetsk (315, daily), Dnepropetrovsk (384km, every other day), and Kharkov (78km several times daily).

Geographical location and climate

The Belgorod region founded in 1954 is part of the Central Federal District of Russia. The region us bound by Ukraine in the south, Kursk region in the north and Voronezh region in the east. The climate of the region is temperate with fairly mild winter and long summer. Average winter temperature is 5-7C, while average summer temperature is +18+20C.

History

The Belgorod region is one of the youngest ones in Russia. The region took its present shape in 1954. Yet, its one of the most ancient regions that have rich past abounding in historical events. Several years ago Belgorod turned 1000.

As at the turn of the 16-17th centuries the Russian State was in need of a strong defense fortress, 800km Belgorod defensive fortress was built around the city. Belgorod became an important military and administrative center. Belgorod province was formed in 1727.

As Belgorod emerged as a defense fortress to protect southern borders of Russia, the city was always at the center of events. Belgorod took part in practically all battles and wars that Russia led against Turkey, in Italian and Suisse campaigns of Alexander Suvorov, and in the War of 1812.

At present, the city of Belogorod is a pleasant looking provincial Russian town with a number of attractions that are worth a look.







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