Add to favorite
 

   

 Zinaida Reich


Born:   July 3, 1894
Deceased:   July 15, 1939

Russian actress, wife of Sergey Yesenin and Vsevolod Meyerhold

      

Zinaida Nikolaevna Reich was born on July 3 (June 21), 1894 into the family of Nicholas Reich and noblewoman Anna Viktorova in the Blizhnie Melnitsy settlement near Odessa. Her father, a Russified German, was a social democrat, and imparted his views to his daughter. After a while the family moved to Bendery.  Zinaida studied at a grammar school, but after the 8th grade was expelled for political reasons due to the girl’s views cultivated by her father. 
 
She entered Higher Courses in Kiev, and from 1913 was a member of the Social Revolutionary party. Soon Zinaida moved to Petrograd (St. Petersburg) and entered the History and Literature Faculty of the Rayevsky Higher Courses, where she studied foreign languages and took sculpture classes. Upon graduation she worked as a secretary-typist in the editorial board of a socialist revolutionary newspaper. This is where she met Sergey Yesenin – he had his poems published in this newspaper. 
 
On August 11, 1917 Zinaida Reich and Sergey Yesenin got married. She gave birth to their daughter Tatyana in 1918 and son Konstantin in 1920. Those were turbulent years and the spouses seldom happened to be together. The family life went wrong. In autumn 1921 they got officially divorced.
 
From March, 1921 Zinaida Reich taught the history of theater and costumes at drama courses in Oryol. In autumn 1921 she became a student of the Higher Theatrical School in Moscow, where she studied at the Directors’ Department together with S. M. Eisenstein and S. I. Yutkevich. The school was headed by Vsevolod Meyerhold, who became the husband of Zinaida Reich and took care of her children Tatyana and Konstantin with love of a real father. 
 
Zinaida Reich made her debut as an actress on stage of the Meyerhold Theatre on January 19, 1924. She performed the role of Aksyusha in the play Forest by A. Ostrovsky. Soon she became one of the most famous Moscow actresses, having played over a dozen roles at the Meyerhold Theater. According to memoirs of her contemporaries, Zinaida was a broadbrow and an affable person. She tried to help others in an unostentatious and selfless way, encourage those who had hard times and inspire hope. 
 
In 1938 the Meyerhold Theatre was closed by authorities and Vsevolod Meyerhold was soon arrested. 
 
A few days after his arrest, on the night of July 15, 1939 Zinaida Reich was brutally killed in her apartment in the Bryusov Lane in Moscow. The attackers stabbed her seventeen times and disappeared. The actress died on the way to hospital. The assassination still remains undetected.
 
Very few people dared to come to her funeral: just the family members and some strangers. Zinaida Reich was buried at the Vagankovo Cemetery.
 


Tags: Zinaida Reich     








Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Astrakhan  travel to Russia  Republican Ecological Regional Forest Museum   Yury Shevchuk  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian technologies  Borovichi  tourism  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Silver Patination  Mendeleev Periodic Table  Architecture of Kazan  Russian Bears  Russian music  Light Show  Kazan  St. Petersburg  Infill Building  Russian army  Festivals in Moscow  Russian Cinema  tours to Russia  ROSCOSMOS  New Year  Moscow Operetta  Mikhail Prishvin  Russian regions  Russian airlines  Rosselkhoznadzor  anniversary  Embassy of France  Eurovision  Moscow Region  Russian actors  Altai Territory  Kronotskoye Lake  Slava Polunin  Russan Musicians  Russian festivals  Andrey Baranov  Victor Vasnetsov  Golden Horde  Russian tourism  Hermitage  Moscow  Russian customs  Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Moscow  Russian business  Musicals in Moscow  Russian legislation 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites