Add to favorite


 Peter I the Great Romanov

Born:   09 June 1672
Deceased:   08 February 1725

First Emperor of All Russia, Moscow tsar, outstanding statesman and reformer


The younger son of Tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich Romanov, Peter was born on the night of May, 30th (on June, 9th) 1672.

Peter I was the tsar of Russia from 1682 and the first Emperor of Russia Empire from 1721. He inherited a country, which was lagging far behind all European countries, which had no industry, efficient army, or foreign trade. After Peter the Great death his ancestors inherited an empire, which stretched from Baltic Sea to Kamchatka, from North Sea to Caspian Sea, and which traded with foreign countries and had a significant political authority.

Peter I implemented government reforms: established the Senate, collegiate organs, bodies of the higher state control and political investigation, subordinated the church to the state, divided the country into provinces. In 1703 on banks of Neva River he started building St. Petersburg, which later (1712) became the capital of Russian Empire.

Peter the Great resorted to experience of the West European countries in development of the industry, trade, and culture. He pursued the policy of mercantilism (building manufactories, metallurgical and other factories, shipyards, landing stages, and channels).

The emperor headed the Russian army in the Azov campaigns 1695-1696, Northern war 1700-1721, the Persian campaign 1722-23, etc.; he commanded armies in seizure of Noteborg (1702), battles near Lasnaya Village (1708) and near Poltava (1709).

He personally supervised building of the Russian fleet and foundation of regular army and navy. The tsar promoted consolidation of the financial and political condition of the nobility.

At the initiative of Peter I lots of educational institutions and the Academy of Sciences were opened, the secular alphabet was admitted, and so on.

Reforms of Peter I were introduced by cruel means, with extreme pressure on material and human forces and oppressions of broad masses (i.e. capital tax, etc). Those measures provoked a row of revolts (in 1698, 17051706, 1707-1709) which were ruthlessly suppressed by the government.

The founder of a powerful absolutist state, Peter the Great achieved recognition of Russia as a great power by the West European countries.

In the last years of his reign Peter I was seriously ill (presumably with stone disease aggravated by uraemia). He died on January, 28th (on February, 8th) 1725.

Tags: Peter I Peter the Great The Romanov Family Russian history  

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Gourmet Tours  Central House of Artist  Novosibirsk Zoo   SIlver Age of Russian Poetry  Russian sportswomen  Obraztsova  Wedding Excursion  Russian economy  ROSCOSMOS  Innoprom  excursions in Petersburg  Russian business  Kashtanka  Elizaveta Kruglikova  Moscow planetarium  Mikhail Prokhorov  Russian theatre  North Caucasus  St. Petersburg  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian Orthodox Church  Russian Cinema  Visa   Russia-Poland  Russia-Iraq  Garry Winogrand  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian events  Traffic Police  the Kamchatka region  Architectural Monuments  Musicals in Moscow  Golden Ring  Valentina Matvienko  Krasnodar region  Dmitry Bychkov  economic crisis  Moscow  Russian opera  Grishin Robotics  Sverdlovsk region  Book Tickets for Ballet  Russian tourism  Russian science  Astrakhan  Nikolai Garin-Mikhailovsky  Nadezhda Petrova  Arkhangelsk  Alfa Group  Russian scientists 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites