Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko was born in Voronezh. In 1980 after finishing high school he was called up to serve in internal troops of the MVD of the USSR, and then in 1985 graduated from the Kirov Higher Military School in Vladikavkaz.
In the following 15 years he made a way from the lieutenant of internal troops, and a platoon commander to the lieutenant colonel of FSB (the Russian Federal Security Service).
In 1988 Alexander Litvinenko graduated from the High Courses of Military Counterintelligence of KGB of the USSR. He was an employee of the military counterintelligence of KGB of the USSR (the third management) in 1988 — 1991, and an employee of the central office of MB-FSK-FSB from 1991. The officer specialized in struggle against terrorism and organized crime. For carrying out joint operations with Moscow criminal investigation department on search and detention of especially dangerous criminals Alexander Litvinenko was entitled Veteran of Moscow Criminal Investigation Department. He was a participant of operations in many “flash points” of the former USSR and Russia.
In 1994 he got acquainted with Boris Berezovsky right after an attempt on the latter’s life. Litvinenko was a member of the operational investigative group on the case, working in the Operational Management of FSB.
In 1997 he was transferred to the 7th department of Management for Development and Suppression Criminal Organizations’ Activity of FSB to the position of the senior quick employee, and the deputy chief of the 7th department.
In 1998 at a press conference with a group of employees Mr. Litvinenko publicly declared that the administration had ordered them to murder Boris Berezovsky. In 2000, after a number of criminal cases initiated against him, Alexander Litvinenko escaped with his family to Great Britain, where the British authorities granted him political asylum.
He is the coauthor of the book Blowing Up Russia: Terror from Within and the author of the book Lubyanka Criminal Group, in which he accuses intelligence services of Russia of arranging explosions of houses in Russia in 1999 and other acts of terrorism, which were meant, in his opinion, to sweep Vladimir Putin into power.
Alexander Litvinenko died of poisoning with polonium-210. As of 2012, the investigation of poisoning circumstances carried out by Scotland Yard proceeds.