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 Sergey Ilyushin


Born:   March 30, 1894
Deceased:   February 9, 1977

Soviet aircraft designer

      

Planes sing about their constructor in the sky these words belong to Sergey Ilyushin. Life of this outstanding aircraft constructor was closely intertwined with the history of the Russian aircraft engineering. Ilyushin started his professional way in 1910, when he got a workers job at the St. Petersburg race track in order to turn it into a commandant airdrome for the first all-Russia aeronautic festival. It took place seven years after the first ever plane had taken off. 10 aircraft participated in the festival. While carrying out flights two pilots fell out of the planes and died, as there were no parachutes yet. Those were the very days when Ilyushin decided that he wanted to deal with aviation on a professional level.

Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin was an outstanding Russian aircraft constructor. Being born to a poor peasant family in the city Vologda, he had to start working since his childhood and also to study mathematics, chemistry, and physics. When Ilyushin joined the army, he became an aircraft mechanic. In 1917 he passed an exam for getting a pilots license.

Sergey Ilyushin participated in the Civil War, and after the war was over, he entered Moscow Engineers Institute of the Red air forces. In 1931 Ilyushin creates a construction bureau. Planes of this aircraft construction bureau committed a number of non-stop long-haul flights and there were also set a number of height records of those times. It was the Ilyushin bureau to construct the Soviet bomber-jets that made a number of raids to Berlin in the summer of 1941.

Here there was also developed a project of the flying tank strike fighter IL-2. While creating this type of aircraft, Ilyushin managed to solve many scientific-technical problems, including usage of armour as the basic structure; he also developed a technology of manufacturing armour hulls with a big camber of lines. Ilyushin draw much attention to economical issues of aircraft production.

For instance, characteristics of his reactive battle bomber-jet IL-28 were close to those of a jet-fighter in terms of manufacturing content. In 1944 Ilyushin takes up development of reactive aircraft engineering and civil aviation transport means. The aircraft constructor used his progressive methods of projection for construction of civil aircraft also. The family of civil IL planes started with IL-12 launched in mass production in 1946 and later followed by IL-14, IL-18, IL-62... IL-18 was the first Soviet passenger plane that found high demand at the world aircraft market.

Sources:
    www.smoktravel.com
    www.airwar.ru

Lavrentyeva Natalya


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