Add to favorite
 

   

 Alexander II Romanov


Born:   17 April 1818
Deceased:   01 March 1881

Emperor of Russia

      

Alexander II (18551881) from the Romanov's dynasty was the Emperor of All-Russia, the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Finland.

Alexander II was called the Liberator Tsar, because in 1861 he finally issued a long-awaited decree that abolished serfdom.

Alexander Nikolaevich Romanov (Alexander II), the son of Emperor Nicholas I got brilliant education. After the death of his father in 1855 Alexander II came to the throne. He started his rule with liberal transformations and declared amnesty to Decembrists and other participants of social movements.

In 1861 the serfdom was finally abolished in Russia and over 22 million serfs were released. In the 1860s-1870s other reforms followed regarding university education, court (he introduced a jury to the court of law), the press, the army and the local government.

Those liberal reforms nevertheless were incomplete. In the last decade of his reign Alexander II started to constrain the natural course of events and thus displeased certain radical cliques. Several assassination attempts were made on him.

In his foreign policy Alexander II tried to increase the influence of Russia on the Balkan States, and expand its area at the expense of development of Central Asia and eastern outskirts. During his reign Russia sold Alaska and Aleutian Islands to the USA, and defeated Turkey in yet another Russian-Turkish War.

Alexander II was mortally wounded on March, 13th, 1881 with a bomb thrown by Ignaty Gryniewietsky, a member of the Narodnaya Volya (People's Will) revolutionary and terrorist organization. On that day the tsar was going to sign a project of reforms in the field of government and economy.


Tags: Alexander II Russian history The Romanov Family   








Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

search on the map
TAGS:
Russian Cinema  Lesozavodsk  travel to Russia  Vera Komissarzhevskaya  Kungur Ice Cave  Russian economy  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian designers  Kerch Strait  Zima  Books  Theatre Festivals  Festivals in Moscow  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Blockade  Vakhtangov Theatre  Chelyabinsk meteorite  banks  Russian regions  Russian tourism  Street Art  Russian churches  match-fixing  Kuban Stadium   Russian business  airport transfer in Russia  Gelendzhik  drug abuse  Luxury  Concerts in St. Petersburg  Woodwork  Moscow  Russian politicians  human rights in Russia  Exhibition Fairs  Domodedovo  school shooting  tours to Russia  Yemelyan Pugachyov  Andrey Zvyagintsev  Alpari  Perm Museums  Fashion  Akhmatova Days  Russian Monuments  incident  St. Petersburg  The Imperial gardens of Russia  Nina Alovert  Russian budget 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites