Add to favorite


 Catherine II  (Catherine the Great)

Born:   2 May 1729
Deceased:   17 November 1796

Empress of All-Russia (17621796). The period of her reigning is often considered as the Golden Age of the Russian nobility.


Sophia Augusta Fredericka (renamed Yekaterina Alekseyevna after Orthodox baptizing ceremony) was born in Germany and became the Empress of Russia after dethroning her husband Peter III, who was her second cousin.

The years of her ruling (1762—1796) were really recognized the Golden Age of Yekaterina. During that period the entire internal structure of the Russian Empire was transformed, and the power of the Russian army and navy grew up under Catherine’s favourite commanders — Potyomkin, Rumyantsev, Suvorov, Kuruzov, Ushakov, and Orlov. As a result of successful wars Russia annexed the Black Sea Coast, Crimea, East Georgia, and a half of Poland with Belarus and the Western Ukraine.

The reign of Catherine the Great (1762-1796) is sometimes characterized as the Enlightened absolutism, referring to the empress’ interest in the ideas of Voltaire and Diderot. Under her rule Russian culture, education and science blossomed; new educational institutions, academies, libraries and printing houses were opened.

Catherine herself wrote dozens of plays, articles, and books on various issues of Russian history and economy, education and philosophy. She kept correspondence with Voltaire and Encyclopaedists, and left extremely interesting "Notes" about the first period of her reign.

It was during her reign that Russia became a great power taken into consideration by the whole world.

Once Catherine II wrote an epitaph which she wanted to be inscribed on her gravestone: “Having come to the Russian throne, she wished well and tried to bring her citizens happiness, freedom and property, she easily forgave and had no hatred to anybody. Forgiving, affable, cheerful by nature, with a republican soul and a kind heart, she had friends. Work came natural to her, she loved arts and being in public”.

Catherine II died on November, 6th, 1796 in Tsarskoye Selo.


Tags: Governors of Russia Romanovs Catherine II   

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Russian retail  Kemerovo Region  Russian economy  Sergey Alimov  Alexey Navalny  Russian business  Charity  Tretyakov Gallery  traffic jam  activity holidays  biology  Russian Muslims  Russian scientists  Yakutsk  Observatories   Russian science  Translations  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Russian investigators  Chelyabinsk  Sochi 2014  education  Russian symbols   Moscow  Dimitrovgrad  Russian universities  Nikolay Radlov  Russian Lakes  Ruarts Gallery  Art Exhibitions  Doll House  Sergei Diaghilev  Russian tourism  Russian Photographers  Arctic  Russian musicians  St. Petersburg  Stereotypes about Russia  Yaroslavl map  the Crimea  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian oil  VDNKh  Olga Berggolts  Russian Cinema  Fyodor Sologub  Jurchen People  Russian winter  migrant workers  Roman Empire 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites