Add to favorite
 

   

 Dmitry Moor


Born:   November 3, 1883
Deceased:   October 24, 1946

Outstanding Russian artist, a master of graphic art, one of the founders of the Soviet political poster

      

Dmitry Stakhiyevich Moor (real surname was Orlov) was born on October 22 (on November 3), 1883 into the family of a mining engineer in Novocherkassk. In 1898 he moved with his parents to Moscow.

Dmitry Moor did not get systematic art education; in 1910 he attended P.I. Kelin’s school studio. Originally he worked at Mamontov’s Printing House.  From 1907 he had his caricatures published in print media, in particular in the liberal satirical magazine Budilnik.

During his work in the Moscow magazine Budilnik the young artist took the pseudonym Moor, since Karl Moor - the main character of The Robbers by Friedrich Schiller – was akin to the creative temperament of the artist, so passionate and consecutive in his vehement aspirations for politically topical art that would extensively influence the viewers.

The black-and-white ink drawing, which was often accentuated with sharp (usually red) colors, became his favourite technique. In his venomous satires Dmitry Moor conveyed the surrounding social disintegration and struggle against censorship: mini-comic book Humorist and Finger (that is Censorship finger), 1911; drawing the Russian Resorts - treatment by water and iron, - about Lensk execution, 1912.

The selected pseudonym (i.e. the surname of three characters of Schiller’s drama The Robbers) ideally rendered his artistic temperament: firm and assertive, not inclined to good-natured humour.

His posters of the revolution and Civil war period (Have You Volunteered?, Wrangel is Still Alive, Finish him without Mercy!, Red Gift to the White Sir (all from 1920) and Help! (1921)) turned to be milestones of the epoch. The modernist style with its flexible and strong-willed “power lines” reached the peak of propaganda heat, which was effective in directing public emotions (in fact the satire itself here became a part of repressive political censorship). Such was, for example, the image of an emaciated old peasant appealing for help in the poster Help! Stuck near church entrances, it was dramatically convincing people about the justice of taking church finances under the slogan “help those starving in the Volga Region”.

An essential element of Moor’s creativity was antireligious satire as such (the drawings created while being the art director of the Atheist at the Machine magazine, 1923-1928; a series of illustrations to G. Heine's poem Debate, 1929). He also contributed for the central Pravda newspaper and (1920), and the popular satirical Crocodile magazine (from 1922) and other periodicals, as well as created film posters.

In 1928-1932 he was a member of the October association. During the Great Patriotic War the artist drew posters revealing the cruelty of Nazi invaders.
By the end of World War II Dmitry Moor created a cycle of epic illustrations (1944) to the Tale of Igor's Campaign. They express the spirit of national romanticism in the “style of triumph”.

From 1922 he was actively engaged in teaching - in the Higher Art and Technical Studios (aka VKhUTEMAS), Printing Institute and the Surikov Art Institute.

Dmitry Moor died on October 24, 1946 in Moscow.  His autobiographical report “I am a Bolshevik!” was posthumously published in 1967.

The artist’s works are displayed in the Tretyakov Gallery, and V. V. Mayakovsky Museum.

Book tickets to the Tretyakov Gallery

Get emotions from Russian art - Book Tickets for events 

 


Tags: Dmitry Moor     








Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
MARS Modern Art Center  Dmitry Golberg  Society Television  Sosnovy Bor  Russian Cinema  Fairs in Moscow  hostels in Moscow  solar cells  North Caucasus  Russian Monuments  Exhibitions in Moscow  St. Petersburg  Moscow  Cultural Heritage List  Russian business  education  Russian Museum  Moscow Architecture  Russian scientists  Ruskeala Mountain Park  Russian science  Russian festivals  Yakutia  obituary  Varvarka Street  Russian economy  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Nadezhda Yusupova  Russian Poetry  Taganrog  Russian television  Russian ice hockey  Mikhail Prokhorov  IVKA  Russian painters  EXPO  Izhevsk  Beeline  Zenit St. Petersburg  accommodation in Russia  Russian tourism  Moscow Conservatory  Leo Tolstoy  Armament  Installations  Grigory Bobrovsky  Railway Stations  Spartak Moscow  Digital Medicines  Astrakhan 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites