Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

What Do Some Rodents Need Hair in Their Mouth For?
August 4, 2010 17:20

A hamster

Russian biologists now face a new astonishing challenge – they discovered that some species of rodents had hair in their mouth. The research project is conducted by Koltsov Institute of Developmental Biology and Severtsov Institute of Evolution and Ecology Problems, both institutions belonging to Russian academy of sciences.

The phenomenon of hair, growing in the mouth, was discovered in some rodents, which peacefully dwelled in a vivarium of Severtsov Institute of Evolution and Ecology Problems. Animals with hairy mouths have very well developed subgingival and periodontal spaces, which are spaces between tooth lateral surface and crest of the gum. These spaces or pockets are full of compact “brushes” of vertically growing hair. These hairs are colourless or yellowish, 1-2.5 millimeters long, and have well-defined roots. Scientists divided mouth hair into two categories according its diameter: very thin – 23 microns in diameter, and thickened – 55-56 microns. Hair flocks are adjacent to alveolar ridge of upper jaw (maxillary) bone, but sometimes can be seen near lower jaw. They often grow in bone cavities, lined with mucous membranes, and in this case a bone looks like cheese – full of holes.



Scientists have no idea what for rodents could need such hair flocks inside their mouth, and why that hair had appeared. All they have to do is speculate as to the cause of such phenomenon. One of most possible explanations is that subgingival pockets have formed after periodontitis (gum disease) or paradontosis (periodontal disease), which developed because rodents were fed with compound feed. Food gets inside wide subgingival pockets and decomposes there, causing an inflammation. Dense hair flocks here act as a “plug”, which doesn’t allow food getting into mentioned spaces. Nevertheless, despite being quite logic this hypothesis cannot explain why hair flocks have developed only in some certain rodent species: Campbell's dwarf hamster (Phodopus campbelli ), Dzungarian dwarf hamster (Phodopus sungorus), and laboratory white mouse, and weren’t detected in other rodents, living in the same vivarium: Roborovski or desert hamster (Phodopus roborovskii ), golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), and laboratory rats. Moreover, researchers are lost in conjectures whether described phenomenon is common of natural rodent populations, and is yes, how often hairy mouths are met in natural environments.

Hair in the mouth can be found not only in rodents, but also in other mammals, including human beings. Scientific literature lists at least three cases of hair, growing in human mouth; moreover, this hair hasn’t been associated with any kind of health disorders. Searching for causes of this phenomenon and revealing hair-in-mouth generating mechanism is a good scientific challenge for biologists from all over the world. Russian ecologists and biologists hope to make a decent contribution to solving this puzzle.

Source: Science News

Kizilova Anna

Tags: Russian Scientists     

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Any Antioxidants Inside? Chemical Processes of Moon and Mercury Exospheres Simulated with Supercomputer in Tomsk Biotechnology for Life Unique Detector for Explosives Created Russian Physicists Won Competition for Super Collider Project

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Aeroexpress  Oryol  International Moscow Duduk Festival  former USSR,  climate warming  Russian tourism  St. Petersburg  Folk Arts and Crafts  accomodation in Moscow  Russian science  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Alisher Usmanov  Penza  Castle Of Treachery And Love  Legal Services in Russia  Ostankino Tower  Alexander Ovechkin  Rostov Museums  Russian places of interest  Russian economy  Smolensk  Liv Ullmann  Dmitry Likhachov  Russian Avant-Garde  Astashov  Pskov  Russian opposition activists  State Duma  Ust-Labinsk  ExxonMobil  Russian Cinema  Russian art  Nikolay Ge  Russian scientists  Moscow  elections in Russia  FIFA Russia 2018  Old Moscow  Pavement  Architecture Monuments  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian business  Roof Landscaping   Moscow State University  New Year  Domodedovo  terrorist attack  Russian fashion designer  Stavropol Territory  Interethnic Conflicts 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites