Add to favorite
 
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

Kholmogory Bone Carving
October 13, 2009 23:33


The unique art of Kholmogory bone carving has existed for more than 400 years. The first archive data about this handicraft date back to the 17th century. It was developed by craftsmen of Kholmogory town, which is in the vicinity of Arkhangelsk, and the nearby villages. Since long ago dwellers of the Russian North procured seal bones and walrus tusks in the polar seas and gathered fossil mammoth bones on the shores of the Arctic Ocean. The bone carvings from Kholmogory were notable for excellent craftsmanship and perfected technique. The best carving masters from Kholmogory were invited to work in the Kremlin's Armoury, which performed orders for the tsar’s court.

The flowering of Kholmogory bone carving reached its peak under the reign of Peter the First. The unique works of that time still serve as paragons of artistic decoration and skilful performance for modern bone carvers. The 18th century saw the starting boom of the trade of bone carving. The name of Fedot Ivanovich Shubin, a famous Russian sculptor who came to Saint Petersburg in 1759, became well-known among some persons of consequence thanks to bone carving and pearl work.

Most of the works of Kholmogory masters were all sorts of caskets: large and small, with hipped and flat tops. They also made various sorts of boxes, cases, trays, paper knives, goblets, vases, smoking sets, and varied bijouterie. The masters used different carving techniques: relief and three-dimensional carving, openwork and engraving with colouring.

Just like most of the folk Russian arts and crafts, Kholmogory bone carving underwent a crisis in the late 19th century. By the early 20th century the art nearly ceased to exist, with only few masters sustaining the handicraft. The revival started in the early 1930s, when a new professional college was open to train young carvers. The art was blossoming again in the early 1960s, with a young generation of masters. The achievement of that time was the natural base in creation, when they came to use technically less complicated, but much more expressive motifs of Kholmogory carving.

One of the remarkable methods of Kholmogory art is the engraved composition with a plot. The engraving motifs are developed with understanding of both local traditions and extensive traditions of Russian bone engraving in general.

A typical feature of modern bone carving is certainly the artists’ increasingly individual approach to their creations.

The Artistic Carving Factory in Lomonosovo Settlement now produces both mass consumption goods and unique artistic items of walrus and mammoth tusks. The handicraft is not getting old; it is young both in looking for new ways in art, and in the constant inflow of young creative fresh blood.

Kholmogory masters display vivid creative thinking and insight into national motifs. Their skilful dainty works make a splendid integral part of Russian decorative and applied arts.

Sources:
    museum.lomic.ru
    artvek.ru
    cultnord.ru

Photos: :
    cultnord.ru
    bibliotekar.ru
    cultnord.ru


Tags: Russian Arts and Crafts Bone Carving Arkhangelsk Region   

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

The Most Remarkable Monuments in Russia, Part 2 Vera Mukhina, Queen of Soviet Sculpture Sculptor Ernst Neizvestny Polkhov-Maidan Painting Filimonovo Clay Toys





comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
Pussy Riot  Grigori Chukhrai  Russian Literature  gas  Gazprom  Russian tourism  Russian history  Filling Stations  Easter  Russian physics  Moscow  Russian politics  Russian travel industry  Kashin  Russian Cultural Foundation  Ornithological Park   Housing  Anton Denikin  Russian radio stations  Monuments in St. Petersburg  Russian Internet blacklist  Russian International  Russian businessmen  Gorky Park  Russian beaches  BaikalAmur Mainline  Pavement  Finds  Churches  Friday Fun  The Beatles  Russian airlines  Planetarium  Kazimir Malevich  Archeology  Nizhny Novgorod  Baikal-Amur Mainline  Russian musicians  Russian business  Russian press  Tver  Painting  event tourism  Omsk  Russian football  Exhibitions in Moscow  Kremlin Palace  Russian luxury market  Russian Cinema  Antarctic Station 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites