Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Russian Tradition of Pottery Craft, Part 2
May 25, 2015 15:37

Old Russian earthenware was not particularly beautiful but was very convenient and cheap. Potters made simple subjects required in country life: pots, vessels for milk and sour cream, large pots for pitch, bowls, flat dishes, plates, measuring pots, and washstands. Local red clay served as the main material for their manufacture.

In regards to peculiar ways of processing the outer surface there were four different types of pottery: black, boiled, glazed and coated.

Lacquered ware was in the greatest demand among the population. The effect of lacquered surface was reached by two methods, namely glazing and coating.

For getting coated ware of various colors the master used metal powders and sawdust: lead and copper scale for red color, lead on a white clay surface for white color, and copper scale for green. These powders were filled on the clay surface, which was dried up and coated with tar prior to baking.

Booking.com


For attaining the glazed shiny effect of earthenware the potters used strong salt solution before baking. Coating was attained by putting hot baked ware into fermented mix of rye flour and chalk or beer yeast. The baked flour created beautiful designs of free flows, spots, bubbles, and above all it made the ceramic vessels stronger.

At last, potters could attain black smoked surface by baking earthenware in smoking flame.

The manufacturing technique of potter's ware had several stages. Initially clay was carefully selected and prepared. Clay was cleaned of impurities, moistened with water and kneaded with feet and hands in a trough. Afterwards it was shaped and decorated on a potter's wheel, and then dried and baked right in the Russian stove in one’s house or in a special horn outdoors. All sorts of ornamentation increased the cost of products for sale.

Unfortunately, the Russian craft of pottery was nearly lost in oblivion. Life changes and disappearance of the centuries-old way of traditional country life in the early 20th century became the reason for that.

In the 1930s artels of potters were founded in some regions of Russia, but they could not change the situation to the betters and the trade kept on dying away.

Fortunately, the 1990s saw a new interest in the ancient trade of pottery and its revival in Russia.

 

 


Sources: http://nhpko.ru 


Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Folk Arts Arts and Crafts Pottery   

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Vera Mukhina, Queen of Soviet Sculpture Kholuy Miniature Painting Kholmogory Bone Carving Friday Fun: Demotivation Posters About Russia, part 2 Perm Animal Style









Comment on our site


RSS   twitter      submit



TAGS:
Wickerwork  Start-up  Ilya Oleynikov  debt collection  Black Sea  Karachay-Cherkessia  Alexander Popov  elections in Russia  Vladivostok  Tula  New Year  economic crisis  Thefts  European Championship 2016  Science Awards  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Samara  Russian scientists  Veliky Novgorod  Bolotnaya case  Russian theatre  Russian transportation  Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts  Charity  FIFA World Cup   Russian Monuments  Ukraine crisis  Russian explorers  Ivanovo Region  Monte Carlo  Spasskaya Fair   Orthodoxy  Post-Soviet Literature  Moscow  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian Cinema  Russian Defense Ministry  traffic rules  Monuments in Moscow  St. Petersburg events  St. Petersburg  Russian economy  Russian business  Russian government  Russian tourism  Russian science  Russian churches  Russian lifehacks  Academicians  Russia - My History 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites