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Russian Revival Style in Moscow Architecture: Most Famous Buildings (Part 2)
April 30, 2014 12:42


See more: Russian Revival Style in Moscow Architecture: Most Famous Buildings (Part 1) 

History Museum

 
Address: 1, Red Square
 
The building of the State History Museum (earlier called the Imperial Russian History Museum) appeared in the Red Square in the last quarter of the 19th century. It took the place earlier occupied by the Main Pharmacy and then the first building of the Moscow University. The museum construction was started in 1875 according to the project by the architect Vladimir Sherwood and the engineer Anatoly Semenov and completed six years later. The architectural stylistics of the building was predetermined by the contest conditions — the History Museum had to be built in the Old Russian architecture style. It is not by mere chance that its towers resemble the outline of the next Nikolskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin.
 
 
 
 
Moscow City Council (V. I. Lenin Museum, now branch of State History Museum)
 
Address: 2/3, Revolution Square 
 
Next to the History Museum there is a huge bright red tower-like building known to several generations as the V. I. Lenin Museum. Presently a branch of the State History Museum, it was constructed for the Moscow City Council in 1890-1892. The project contest was won by the architect Dmitri Chichagov. It was initially planned to make the building light gray, but upon completing construction the tower was left its original red brick color.
 
 
 
 
Treasury
 
Address: 3, Nastasiinsky Lane
 
The purpose of this beautiful building in Nastasiinsky Lane and the years of its construction are specified right on its pediment: “Russian loan treasury, 1913–1916”. Before the revolution the loan treasury was an institution advancing against silver, gold and jewels. The building was constructed by the architects Vladimir Pokrovsky and Bogdan Nilus, who had designed the building of the State Bank in Nizhny Novgorod prior to it. The Treasury building presents motives of the Russian Revival architecture along with some baroque elements.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Izmailovo Kremlin 
 
Address: 73, Izmailovskoye Highway 
 
The Izmailovo Kremlin and Vernisage ensemble is located in one of the most beautiful historical places of Moscow, on the shore of the Serebryano-Vinogradny Pond. The group of buildings imitating certain forms and motives of the 17th century Russian architecture was constructed in 1998 — 2007. Numerous city celebrations, fairs, and festivals take place in the Izmailovo Kremlin. St. Nicholas Church - the highest operating wooden church in Moscow - is located in the estate area. Izmailovo keeps the world famous Vernisage, which is the world's largest exhibition fair of Russian arts and crafts, folk handicrafts, souvenirs and antiques. A flea market works here at the weekends.
 
 
The Izmailovo Kremlin is the museum of museums that brings together Museum of Vodka History, the Russian Toy Museum, the Russian Fleet Museum and the Bread Museum. Visitors can try their wings at captivating craft workshops and a smithy. The Izmailovo Kremlin has the Russian Feast Palace (the analog of the historical wooden palace of Tsar Alexey Mikhaylovich in Izmailovo), which is a massive stylized set of banquet rooms. The Matrimonial Palace No. 5 and an event-agency work in the Izmailovo estate.
 
 

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Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Architecture     

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