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Russian Revival Style in Moscow Architecture: Most Famous Buildings (Part 1)
April 30, 2014 12:06


In the late 19th – early 20th century Russian architecture developed a new style using motives of the Old Russian architecture. It became known and popular as the Russian Revival Style (aka the Neo Russian Style).


A distinctive peculiarity of this style was a new look at motifs of traditional Russian architecture: turrets, tower-like roofs, ornamented tiles (izrazets) in decoration of facades, and many others. It was not blind copying, but stylization, which was often harmoniously blended with elements of other styles. Therefore, New Russian buildings, though easily recognizable, never repeat themselves. Buildings of different functions were constructed in this style in Moscow: guest houses and private mansions, theaters and museums, malls and railway stations.
 
 
 
Pogodin’s Log Hut
 
Address: 12-a Pogodinskaya Street.
 
One of the early samples of this style is the wooden Pogodin’s log hut, which has been miraculously preserved till nowadays. Designed by the architect Nikolay Nikitin as requested by the entrepreneur and patron of arts Vasily Kokorev in 1856, it was presented to the historian and publicist, professor of the Moscow University Mikhail Pogodin. The log hut became one of the outhouses of the Pogodins’ Estate and became a depository of old books, paintings and engravings. Nikolay Nikitin constructed it after the model of peasant log huts of the Volga Region, whereas the carving was allegedly based on drawings the amateur artist Prince Grigory Gagarin.
 
 
Igumnov's House
 
Address: 43 Bolshaya Yakimanka Street  
 
The house, which is often compared to a jewel case, has been embellishing Yakimanka for over a century. Nikolay Igumnov owned the Big Manufactory in Yaroslavl and when he needed a house in Moscow, he involved the Yaroslavl architect Nikolay Pozdeyev in the building project. The finishing was completed in 1895, two years after the architect’s death. The house was finished by his brother Ivan Pozdeyev, who was also an architect. It turned to be extremely expensive for that time — about one million rubles. Thus, for example, bricks were imported from Holland. In registration of facades colourful tiles, figure brickwork, and stone carving.
 
 
 
Pertsova’s Guest House
 
Address: 1 Soymonovsky Passage 
 
In Kropotkinskaya Embankment there is an unusual guest house that was officially owned by Zinaida Pertsova unusual to the time who was his official owner. The house construction was ordered by her husband — a well-known railroad engineer Pyotr Pertsov. He organized a competition on the condition that the house was to be built in the Russian style. The project recognized the best was that of the artist Sergey Malyutin (the author of the famous Russian nested dolls), who implemented it with support of the architect Nikolay Zhukov and the architect engineer Boris Shnaubert undertook his implementation was recognized. The building premises were not meant for rent; its owners stayed in a three-storeyed apartment with a separate entrance in the same house.
 
 
 
Top Malls (GUM)
 
Address: 3, Red Square.
 
Since ancient times there has been a trading area on the eastern side of the Red Square. The Malls reconstructed by Osip Bowe after the Moscow fire of 1812 (during the Great Patriotic War against Napoleon) became outdated by the late 19th century, and so in 1890 construction of a new emporium was started by the architect Alexander Pomerantsev financed merchants.
The most state-of-the-art technologies and construction materials — reinforced concrete and steel frames - were used in the building project. Light got into the room through glass curved arches of the ceilings designed by the engineer Vladimir Shukhov.
The Top Mallsb housing over one thousand shops were opened in December, 1893. Soon the Middle Malls were constructed in the same style by the architect Roman Klein closer to the Moskva River.
 
 
 
 

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Author: Vera Ivanova

Tags: Russian Architecture     

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