Add to favorite
 
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS

National Russian Dress
January 15, 2009 13:35


Categories
Basic costume garments
Outerwear
Footwear
Headgears
Wedding Dress of Russian Brides
Costume decorations

We know our predecessors by their tales, songs and legends, as well as by a great variety of original clothes and household things created mainly by some unknown talents. When looking at ancient holiday garments of peasantry one cannot help wondering at their unusual harmony and power of life emanating from these things and their ability to hand down the visible image of our ancestors and convey their spiritual essence to us.

Historians suppose that traditional Russian costume started taking its shape in the 12th-13th centuries. It was during that period when intensive formative process of Russian ethnos was taking place. Russian costume, just like garments of all the Slavic population of Eastern Europe – i.e. Ukrainians and Byelorussians – was quite peculiar and in accord with living of the nation of tillers. Up to the 18th century it fitted well all layers of Russian society: it was worn by tsars, boyars, merchants, craftsmen, and peasants.

A peculiar feature of Russian national costume was a big number of outerwear. The clothes were of throw-over and throw-open types. The throw-over clothes were put on through the head and the throw-open ones had a top-down slit and were fastened line-on-line with hooks or buttons.

As a rule peasants sew clothes of their own fabrics – wool, hemp, staminate hemp, and linen. Poor families could purchase garments extremely rarely. If purchases occurred, though, it was done in turn, by clubbing of several families – first for one person, then for another, and so on. Even ritual garments, like wedding dresses, were available for collective use.

The costumes of nobility were of Byzantium style. In the 17th centuries there came some borrowings from Poland, such as the Polish caftan (man's long outer garment) and the Polish fur coat. To protect national originality the order of 6 August 1675 prohibited stolniks (a courtier rank below the boyar in Russia in 13th-17th cc), solicitors, Moscow gentry, dwellers and their servants from wearing foreign style clothes.

Dresses of the noblemen were made of expensive fabrics, with use of gold, silver, perals and expensive buttons. Such garments often descended. The cut of costumes remained unchangeable for centuries. There was no such notion as fashion.

The Russian national costume lost its popularity after Peter the First banned it in 1699 for all except peasants, monks, priests and sextons. First he introduced into practice the Hungarian dress, followed by Saxon and French outerwear and German sleeveless jackets and underwear. Women were obliged to wear German dresses. All those who entered towns while wearing Russian clothes and beards had to pay duty: 40 kopeks from a pedestrian and 2 rubles from a person on horseback.

By the early 20th century the most widespread women’s costumes were of two types: the South Russian one with poneva, i.e. a homespun woolen skirt, and the Mid-Russian one with a sarafan, i.e. a pinafore dress. A set of a skirt and knitted jacket became popular.

The national Russian costume became still less popular after the revolution of 1917. However, in some villages, especially in the North of Russia, much of it is used till date. Samples of ancient folk clothes collected in museums and private collections of this country represent one of the most interesting phenomena of Russian culture.

Further on we are going to tell about the traditional costume that was common among peasants from the last third of the 18th century to the first quarter of the 20th century, since this is what is considered to be the authentic Russian national costume.

BUY HANDMADE DOLL IN NATIONAL RUSSIAN COSTUME

Sources:
    klk.pp.ru
    isu.ru
    tradicia.km.ru
    ru.wikipedia.org
    art.1september.ru
    costumehistory.ru
    dic.academic.ru


Tags: Russian Traditions Traditional Russian Dress    

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

On Russian Wedding Traditions of the Past Russian Culture as a Special Type of Culture National Russian Dress: Costume decorations RUSSIAN NEW YEAR Smithcraft Tradition in Russia





comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share

Russian Parliament in Action

search on the map
TAGS:
alcoholic beverages  Kazimir Malevich  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Elvis Presley  Borodino Battle  South Stream  Tatneft   Painting  Russian oil companies  Newborn  Vladimir Region  Russian business  Moscow  Spartak Moscow  Russian traffic  Cato Institute  Exhibitions in Moscow  Russian tourism  St. Petersburg Museums  Russian mobile operators  international cooperation  Kasimov  Auction  gardens of Perm'  Modern Art  Russia  Yelena Isinbayeva  Russian politics  Russian Cinema  Rainbow On The Ice  Russian amusement parks  Archeology  Krasnodar  Gifts Expo  Astronomical Observatory  Komi Republic  Russian Actresses  Song and Dance Ensemble of the Interior Troops   Moscow traffic  Elliott Erwitt  Russian Literature  Irkutsk oblast  Moscow events  Barnaul  Leo Tolstoy  Alexander Abdulov  Megafon  Russian history  North Caucasus  Penza Region 


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites