Add to favorite
 
123
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS


Nesting Doll Named Matryoshka
June 28, 2007 17:09


BUY RUSSIAN MATRYOSHKA
The nesting dolls, known as “matryoshki” have long conquered hearts of lovers of folk toys and original souvenirs all over the world. Matryoshka brings together the art of masters and enormous love of the Russian national culture.
How did the first Matryoshka appear?
The first matryoshka, that customary round-faced and plump girl wearing a kerchief and a Russian folk dress came into the world not at all in the days of hoary antiquity. The creation of this doll was prompted by the figurine of the Buddhist sage named Fukuruma that was brought to Abramtsevo Estate in the late 19th century from Honshu Island, Japan. As a story says a Russian monk once living in the Japanese island first started to cut such figurines. Inspired by the charming doll of the wooden sage with an oblong bald head and a good-humoured face, the toy turner Vasili Zvyozdochkin turned the first Russian matryoshka.

A gouache painted ruddy-faced wooden beauty girl with a rooster in her hands came out of the workshop Children’s Upbringing founded by the patron of arts Savva Mamontov. The first matryoshka was painted by the artists Sergei Malyutin. It was eight-seater, i.e. consisted of eight nesting dolls: inside of the big girl there was a smaller boy, and so on, the boys and girls alternating till the smallest, “indivisible” part, a swaddled baby.
Take a Private Matryoshka Painting Class in St.Petersburg 
Where does the name Matryoshka come from?  What is the origin of this strange name? Some historians claim that the word comes from the popular Russian name Masha, or Manya, others relate it to the name Matryona (from the Latin “mater” denoting “mother”), or to the Hindu mother goddess Matri. Another version suggests the name means “mat’ tryoshki”, that is “mother of the three” (as translated from Russian), since initially one big Japanese doll nested three similar small dolls.

Matryoshka rush

In the late 19th century Russia experienced upsurge of interest in its history, folk arts, fairy-tales, epics and crafts. Matryoshka became widely known and gained unanimous love of the people.

Matryoshkas painted with flowery ornaments were soon followed by nesting dolls decorated with fairy tale and epic subjects. Such matryoshkas would “tell” whole stories. In 1900 matryoshkas “walked” as far as Paris: they were exhibited at the World Exhibition that resulted in their taking a medal and international praising. By the way, in the early 20th century some nesting dolls really “learnt” walking: the feet of such a matryoshka wearing lapti (bast shoes) are movable, and it can walk on an inclined plane.

What are they made of?
The principles of making matryoshkas have not changed for many years that they have existed. Russian nesting dolls are made of well-dried linden or birch wood. The smallest, indivisible matryoshka, which can be just as tiny as a rice grain, is always made first. The turning of nesting dolls is delicate art that is learned for many years; some masters can even turn matroshkas while keeping eyes closed.

Before painting the dolls they are grounded, and after painting they are varnished. In the 19th century matryoshkas were painted with gouache, whereas nowadays unique images are created with the help of aniline, tempera and even watercolours. Nevertheless, gouache remains popular with matryoshka artists. First of all they paint the doll’s face and apron with a picturesque image, and then the sarafan with kerchief.
Learn to Paint Matryoshka in St. Petersburg

Matryoshka places

There are a number of Russian towns and settlements were matryoshkas are traditionally made; Sergiev Posad is the most famous of them. Everywhere they have peculiarities of their own. There are also a few museums. The first and the most illustrious Museum of Matryoshka is situated in Moscow (Leontyevsky Sidestreet, 7/1).

Today one can buy various souvenirs to any taste in the streets of St. Petersburg and Moscow; there are nesting dolls depicting politicians, famous musicians, grotesque personages, and what not… Yet perhaps the most charming matryoshkas are those traditionally featuring merry Russian girls wearing bright folk costumes.

BUY RUSSIAN MATRYOSHKA

Book Hotels & Apartments in Russia

Tours to Russia

Russian Train and Bus Tickets Booking

Find and book transfer in Russia

Sourcesdollplanet.ru   ma333.narod.ru  milorden.ru

    Photos:

     luch.tver.ru
    dollplanet.ru
    rustoys.ru
    matreshka.art-by.ru

 


Tags: Russian Arts and Crafts Russian Souvenirs Russian Symbols Folk Toys Matryoshka 

Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Halloween in Russia: How to Scare Baba-Yaga and Stay Alive How to Enamor a Russian Woman Traditions of Russian Folk Dance Samovar Russian Tea Machine Traditions of Orthodox Bell Ringing





comments powered by Disqus




Comment on our site


RSS   twitter   facebook   submit

Bookmark and Share


TAGS:
Dmitry Donskoy  Russian business  Kaluga  criminal  Russian sport  travel to Russia  Arctic  Tver region  Vasily Pushkin  Film Distribution  tourist police  Zadonsk  Bolshoi Theatre  Russian economy  fashion designer  Russian sportsment  Russian politicians  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  St. Petersburg Museums  Monuments in Moscow  Russian Cinema  Anatoly Kim  Russian Music Instruments  GDP forecast  Alexis of Russia  Romanovs  Kirov Oblast   Moscow  Christmas  Viking  Exhibitions in Moscow  Dalnegorsk  Vandalism  Festivals in St. Petersburg  Ecotourism  Russian tourism  St. Petersburg  Boris Kornilov  clashes in Ukraine  Russian National Parks  the Urals region  New Films  Paleontology  Skopin Ceramis  Troitsk  Art Exhibitions  Festivals in Moscow  Frida Kahlo  Kyshtym  virus  


Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites