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The kuvikly (kugikly) is the Russian variety if the many-piped flute, internationally known as the Pan-flute. The type of music instrument is widely spread in various parts of the world, with every people having its own name for it: in England they call it panpipes or pan-flute, sampogno in Latin America, nai or muscal in Moldavia and Romania, skuchudai in Lithuania, larchemi (soinari) in Georgia, etc.

The Old Russian church singing, just like icon-painting, was anonymous, and yet, some written sources mention the names of the outstanding masters of the 16th 17th centuries; among them are brothers Vasili (Varlaam as a monk) and Savva Rogovs from Novgorod, Ivan (Isaiah as a monk) Lukoshko and Stephan Golysh from the Ural, and Ivan Nos and Fyodor Krestianin (i.e. Christian) who worked at court of Ivan the Terrible.

Rozhok is an ancient Russian folk music wind instrument. According to 18th century descriptions, rozhok producing a very strong and shrill sound was used not only by shepherds at work, but also in taverns for entertainment and in boats to accompany oarsmens singing.

Russian romance means intimate lyrical songs that touch the soul, it is feelings set to music, and poetry that makes one cry and smile. Romance as a music genre is a traditionally Russian type of music creativity: it is in romance that the so-called mysterious Russian soul has found ways of expressing its passions. Just recall the famous "Ochi Chyornie" (Black Eyes)!

Svirel is an old folk Russian wind instrument of the end-blown flute type. In the Old Rus this instrument was made either of hollow reed or cylindrical wood branches. A legend says that Lel, son of the Slavic goddess of love Lada was a svirel player. In spring he would make his svirel of birch branches.

As time passed by lots of new music instruments came to be used by folk musicians. Nowadays different styles are in fashion yet there is still hope that interest in traditional Russian music will never ever fade. Traditional folk music instruments have come to be used in lots of modern styles and eclectic ways in recent years.

The folk music instrument treshyotka (translated as rattle) produces a variety of peculiar percussion sounds similar to hand clapping. This originally Russian instrument consisting of a number of wooden plates thread on a string was very popular and widely used in dances during wedding ceremonies.

From time immemorial Eastern Slavs have used bubens. These powerful instruments were most widely exploited by warriors and skomorokhs (wandering minstrel-cum-clowns). Back then all sorts of percussion instruments with drumheads were called buben.

The Russians missed the first wave of interest in Irish music that spread over the world in the 1960s -70s. But then Russia fitted very well into the second wave and is successfully taking part in this international process at present.

Modern Russian pop music owes much to city romance, as well as to Russian peoples song in general. However, when Soviet power came to rule, overall extermination of everything bourgeois started in music along with all other spheres.

Country music in Russia has forever become a symbol of something traditionally American. Thus it is little wonder that during Perestroika the Russian people started to reach for this style as embodying a genuine oversea tidbit.

It all started in Russia, as usual, with 10 or 15 years of delay. Sprawl of hip-hop culture slow and sure is encompassing territories of the unbounded country despite many obstacles, among them some racist attitudes, conservatism and subjectivity of the Russian population and the huge territory of Russia.

Jazz sprang up in the USSR in the 1920s, when it was flourishing in the USA. The first jazz orchestra of Russia was founded in 1922 in Moscow by poet, translator, dancer and theatre worker Valentin Parnakh and was titled The RSFSR First Eccentric Orchestra Jazz Band of Valentin Parnakh.

Domra is a Russian folk music instrument with a rounded body and three or four strings played with a mediator. Domra is a prototype of the Russian balalaika. Records of domra can be found in ancient court chronicles and lubok pictures.

The history of Russian folklore and the history of gusli are inseparable. The major part of Russian folklore was performed to the accompaniment of gusli. This instrument used to be present whenever the folks gathered to sing, dance and listen to epic narrators or just beautiful and touching music.

It is assumed that the so-called Russian punk rock was born in 1979 in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), mainly due to the efforts of Andrei Panov (19601998), the permanent frontman of the first Russian punk band Avtomaticheskie Udovletvoriteli (translated as Automatic Satisfiers).

The bayan is one of the most perfect chromatic accordions existing nowadays. It is widely known abroad as button accordion, while buttons are not the only difference. As compared to the western accordion, the Russian bayan has a different tone colour and fuller sound and is great for dance melodies.

Today the Russian folk stringed musical instrument balalaika is going through hard times. There are not so many professional balalaika players left; country people have abandoned this once popular instrument. There have been ups and downs in the history of balalaika, yet it still lives and remains one of the symbols of Russian folk culture.

It is quite impossible to say now who and when hit upon the idea of turning ordinary tablespoons into a percussion instrument, yet the fact remains: they became the easiest, the most colourful and the most popular national instrument of the Russians. The painted wooden spoons are beloved in this country and abroad. Thousands of them are exported as two-in-one souvenirs, being period pieces and music instruments at once.

The roots of Russian folk music date as far back as to the middle of the first millennium AC, when Slavic tribes settled in the European part of the present territory of Russia...

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