The Armory Chamber (Oruzheinaya Palata) is an integral part of the Grand Kremlin Palace complex. It is located in a building constructed by architect Konstantin Ton in 1851. The museum collection is based on the precious objects made in the Moscow Kremlin workshops and received as presents from the embassies of foreign countries.
Those historical valuables were kept in the tsar's treasury and the patriarchal sacristy for centuries. The museum owes its name to one of the oldest Kremlin treasuries.
The Armory Chamber stores ancient state regalia, royal dress and coronation gowns, the vestments of the hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church, the largest collection of gold and silver items made by Russian masters, West European silver artifacts, weaponry masterpieces, a collection of carriages, and sets of parade horse furnishings.
The museum features about four thousand monuments of arts and crafts of Russia, Europe and the East of the 4th – early 20th centuries.
Their highest artistic level and special historical and cultural value have gained worldwide renown to the Armory Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin.
Tours and Collections of the Armory Chamber
- The History of Russia in the Monuments of the Armory Chamber is dedicated to the history of the formation of the Russian state, a period rich in great achievements and upsurges of national culture, as well as tragic events.
- State Regalia and Items of Court Ceremonies introduces visitors to the most important state relics of Russia – the symbols of the power of its sovereign rulers.
- Epochs and Styles in the Monuments of the Armory Chamber reveals the peculiarities of the world perception by people of different eras. Using masterpieces by Russian and foreign artists, it explains the concept of style in art.
- The Arsenal of Russian Tsars and Emperors is dedicated to the largest collection of Russian weapons kept in the museum.
- Russian Jewelry Art of the 12th – 20th Centuries presents Russia’s largest collection of works by goldsmiths and silversmiths of various epochs.
- Ceremonial Court Costume of Russian Tsars and Emperors is a unique collection of royal and imperial court dresses, as well as fashion accessories and precious jewelry of the 17th - early 20th centuries.
- The First Romanovs. Formation of the Dynasty is dedicated to the bright and controversial period of Russian history - the rule of the first kings of the Romanov dynasty in the 17th century.
- Russia under Peter I. From the Kingdom to the Empire features a groundbreaking page of Russian history during the reign of Peter the Great.
- The Brilliant Epoch of Russian Empresses is dedicated to the era of “women on the Russian throne”, which became the period of unconditional successes of the Russian state, the heyday of the imperial court and significant achievements in the cultural sphere.
- Ancient Carriages will take you on a trip through one of the world’s most significant collections of precious courtly carriages and see the creations by renowned court masters of Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as Vienna, Berlin, and Paris.
- West European Silver in the Armory Chamber Collection introduces the world’s most representative collection of Western European silver arts and crafts of the 13th – 19thcenturies.
- Diplomatic Gifts to the Russian State of the 16th – 18th centuries demonstrates extensive foreign contacts of Russia, the material expression of which are precious gifts to the Russian tsars.
- Masterpieces of Oriental Art in the Armory Chamber introduces the art of Iran and Turkey of the 16th – 18th centuries.
See details on the official website of the Moscow Kremlin
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Author: Vera Ivanova