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Russian Museums of Astronautics
April 13, 2011 20:50

K.E. Tsiolkovsky House Museum (Kaluga, Kaluga Region)

The House Museum of the great Russian scientist K.E. Tsiolkovsky, the founder of theoretical astronautics, is located on the outskirts of the town of Kaluga near the River Oka. 29 years of life of the scientist are associated with this house. This is where he wrote dozens of major works on aeronautics, aviation, jet propulsion, astronautics and other topics.

In 1936, one year after the death of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, a museum was opened in his house. The first exposition was of a scientifically-memorial character. It told about the most important areas and tendencies of his scientific research and creativity.

The work of the Museum was interrupted in autumn of 1941, when Kaluga was occupied by fascists. German soldiers lodged in the house. In spite of the fact that museum workers and relatives of the scientist managed to rescue some of the most valuable exhibits, destruction of lots of memorial objects, books and photos came as a great loss. Right after the liberation of Kaluga restoration works were started in the museum and soon it was open for visitors again.

Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics (Kaluga, Kaluga Region)

It is the world’s first-ever and Russia’s largest cosmonautics museum; it was founded with the direct participation of Sergey Korolev and Yuri Gagarin.

On 13 June 1961 Yuri Gagarin put the first stone in the base of the building of the future museum. The museum was opened for visitors in 1967. The museum exposition unfolds the history of aeronautics, aviation, and space-rocket hardware. Scientific heritage of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky is represented here in an exhaustive way. In the museum halls one can get to know about the Russian history of practical astronautics, from the first artificial satellite of the Earth to modern long-term space stations.

Academician Sergei Korolev Memorial House Museum (Moscow)

House Museum of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev is located in the north of Moscow, in Ostankino District. It was opened in 1975 in the house where S. P. Korolev lived and worked during the last years of his life. The museum is located in a separate mansion, where Academician Korolev lived in 1959-1966. The private mansion was presented to Korolev by the government of the USSR after the successful start of the first artificial Earth satellite in 1957. The museum is a part of the Memorial Museum of Astronautics. The museum exposition includes S.P. Korolev’s personal paraphernalia, his library of technical literature and fiction, furniture, household items and works of fine art.

Memorial Museum of Astronautics (Moscow)

It is a space museum located in the basement level of the Monument to the Conquerors of Space in the Alley of Cosmonauts. The museum was opened on 10 April, 1981 for the 20th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s space flight. The museum exhibits include samples of space-rocket hardware, personal things of spacemen and constructors, archival documents and coins and stamps dedicated to Soviet achievements in space exploration.

Museum of the Yuri Gagarin Russian State Research Test Center for Cosmonauts’ Training (Zvezdny town, Moscow Region)

The Museum exposition consistently reflects the history of piloted space flights and tells about life, career and feat of the world’s first spaceman Yuri Gagarin. One can see original uniforms and awards, all types of spacesuits, in which cosmonauts worked in space, the cabin of a training apparatus of the Vostok spaceship, in which Yuri Gagarin and the first group of cosmonauts were trained; the lander of spaceship Soyuz-4, objects of space equipment, documents, gifts and symbolic souvenirs, and the study of Yuri Gagarin.

V.P.Glushko Museum of Astronautics and Rocket Hardware (St. Petersburg)

The memorial museum is located in the premises of the Ioannovsky ravelin of the Peter and Paul Fortress, where the first Soviet rockets and rocket engines were developed in 1932-33. The museum presents technological samples of rocket equipment, unique documents, invention certificates, constructors’ reconstructed study rooms and a corner of workshops. The original lander of spaceship Soyuz-16, spacesuits, samples of foodstuff, and flight suits are exhibited there.

Mikhail Yangel Zheleznogorsk Historical Art Museum (Zheleznogorsk-Ylymsky, the Irkutsk Region)

Russia’s only memorial museum of Academician Mikhail Kuzmich Yangel was opened in Zheleznogorsk-Ylymsky on May, 27th, 1980. The museum funds consist of the academician’s documents, photos and personal things, donated to the museum by his wife I. V. Strazheva. The museum owns rare exhibits of space theme.

Yuri Kondratyuk Memorial Museum (Novosibirsk)

Yuri Kondratyuk Museum was opened at the territory of Krylovsky elevator on October, 4th, 1973.

The largest exposition in the museum is dedicated to life and activity of Yuri Vasilievich Kondratyuk (Oleksandr Gnatovich Shargei) - the pioneer of the theory of astronautics; it reflects in photos and texts all the periods of the scientist’s life and activity and his associates. The exposition on local lore presents Kuban household items of the early and mid 20th centuries. There are also expositions dedicated to Chernobyl cleanup veterans, and fellowmen participants of the Great Patriotic War and local wars.


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