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The White Mountain
February 27, 2016 16:53


It is said that the Peter I decided to produce the first marble in the White Mountain (and neighboring Tivdi).

However, in Karelia they refer to the decisive sovereign at every opportunity. From the literature it is known that the deposits of marble of the White Mountain were discovered in the 1750s by merchant Martyanov.

Breaking of Karelian marble began precisely in the village of the White Mountain, in years 1768-1769. Tivdiysky marble breakings had been large-scale production.

In the second half of the XVIII century the Karelian marble was widely known and used for construction. St. Isaac's Cathedral, Kazan Cathedral, Zimniy and Marble Palaces and even the sarcophagus of Napoleon I - all these are made of tivdiysky marble.

It can be white, pink, red, black, gray and green, yellow, striped and even spotted. Until 1844 23 kinds of marble and stone were known, and later another eight kinds of marble were opened. And all the fields belonged to Tivdiysky marble breaking. In 1760 more than 3,000 farmers has been attributed to a marble quarry.

In 1807 a marble factory was built. In 1856 a stone church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God was built in the White Mountain. The significance of the place is proved by the fact that the author of the church was Konstantin Ton, a favorite court architect, whose most famous creation is the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow.

But once in St. Petersburg, the main consumer of Tivdiysky stone, they ceased to erect big structures, the development of marble quarry was almost ended. In the second half of the XIX century, the plant fell into disrepair and was demolished. Some recovery occurred in 1887: marble breakings have been leased for 24 years by Saveliev V.V., the gentleman of the monarch's bed chamber. A small wooden factory, which produced window sills, tables, fireplaces, tombstones and stone chips for marble slabs for the floors, was built. But Saveliev constantly was harassed by unhappiness, and he was forced to give up the lease. By the beginning of XX century industrial development of Tivdiysky marble deposit ceased.





Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags:  Karelia    


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