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History Of Tver
July 18, 2015 00:18


The first settlement in the place of modern Tver is dated by IX-X centuries.

A fortress was built in the place of an unfortified settlement in XII century. Despite the fact that the foundation of the city of Tver is related to 1135, the city was first mentioned in chronicles in 1208. Around the year 1247 Tver was allocated to the prince Aleksandr Yaroslavich Nevsky as an inheritance and then passed to his brother Yaroslav Yaroslavich who became the ancestor of the Tver princely dynasty.

In 1247 it became the capital of Tver principality. In the end of XII - the first third of XIV century Tver was the largest centre of the liberation struggle of the Russian people against the Tartar yoke, moreover the region was very popular among the settlers running from the Tatar and Mongol invasion.

In 1304 the great reign of Vladimir was claimed by Mikhail Yaroslavich of Tver and Yuri Danilovich of Moscow. They went to the Khan, and Khan appointed Mikhail of Tver the Grand Prince. He was the first prince who was entrusted to collect tributes to the Horde from all over Russia (except for Ryazan principality).

In 1315 the new Khan Uzbek confirmed the rights of Mikail, and the latter defeated Novgorod with the help of the Tatar army. However, thanks to the fact that Yuri Danilovich of Moscow married the sister of the Khan two years later, he managed to get the great reign for himself and attacked Mikhail Yaroslavich with the Horde army. After Tver won the Bortnevskaya battle, Mikhail of Tver went to the Horde where he was killed. In 1485 Tver principality became a part of the Moscow state. Two religious leaders stayed in custody in Tver in XVI century: Maximus the Greek in the years 1531-1551 and the Moscow Metropolitan Philip in 1568, the latter was strangled by Malyuta Skuratov a year later.

In 1612 Tver was destroyed by the Polish-Lithuanian troops. And in the XVIII century after a series of big fires Catherine II sent a team of architects to restore the city. The best architects of Russia – A.V. Kvasov and M.F. Kazakov - designed a plan for the city development. The layout of Tver was considered to be top one in the development of triaxial architectural composition.

Modern Tver is almost like Bologoe, a stop between Moscow and St. Petersburg. According to the map, it is located closer to Moscow, and its soul tends to Petersburg. The love of Tver to Petersburg is immutable: people are better there, and the pace of life is closer to the local one. The residents of Tver are proud that the city looks more like the northern capital, the similarities can be found in the city layout of “triaxial structure” and the buildings of the historical centre (there are, however, few of them, for the city was badly damaged in 1941).

Local residents of Tver do not like those Moscow residents. If you ask why, even tipsy bullies may suddenly remember the ancient confrontation of Moscow and Tver principalities, surprisingly for the interlocutor. Moscow does not cease to give fresh reasons. One of the last of them is “black trains” bringing migrant workers who did not find a job in the capital and criminal gypsies to the city of Tver. “Undesirable elements” from Moscow is an ancient tradition. In the Soviet years dubious capital residents were expelled to Tver that was then called Kalinin before big events, such as the Olympics. We can also remember Ivan the Terrible who sent the disgraced Metropolitan Philip to Tver.


Author: Anna Dorozhkina

Tags: Tver     

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