Add to favorite
Subscribe to our Newsletters Subscribe to our Newsletters Get Daily Updates RSS
russian visa

The Morozovs the leading textile manufacturers of 18-20cc
March 29, 2007 16:34

The Morozovs Russian textile manufacturers, who managed to run their business despite all imperfections of contemporary Russian legislation. Savva Vasilievich Morozov (1770-1862) became the founder of the family. Being born a bondman, he happened to achieve his goal and turn into the leading textile manufacturer of the country. The enterprising peasant opened a workshop to produce silk lace and ribbons. He was a worker and a seller at the same time: Morozov walked 100 versts (350 thousand ft) to Moscow to find chapmen ready to buy his goods. Gradually he turned to woolen and cotton fabrics. Fortune favoured him. It sounds ridiculous but the war of 1812 and the great Fire of Moscow increased his incomings: a number of factories burnt during the Fire and the City Government introduced an auspicious customs duty aimed at raising cotton trade.

17 thousand rubles, a whaling sum at that time, Morozov paid to his masters to become a free man and very soon he was recorded as a member of the first merchant class. Savva Vasilievich had never been taught reading or writing, but it didnt prevent him from running a business.

In 1837 he acquired a piece of land not far from modern Moscow and transferred all the production facilities there. Morozovs factories processed cheap Asian cotton and expanded with every passing year. Later he bought two plantations to grow cotton under Bukhara and Kokand, which maintained increase in production. After his death, Morozovs sons were devised four big factories united under the name of Nikolskaya Manufactory.

In the beginning of 20th century, before the First World War, over 54 thousand people worked at Morozovs textile factories and the annual turnover exceeded 100 million rubles.

Here are the most famous representatives of the Morozovs family.

Timofey Savvich Morozov (1825 1889) an active member of Moscow City Duma, the chairman of Moscow Stock Exchange Committee. His manufactory became an arena for a strike in 1885.

Sergey Timofeyevich Morozov (2862-1950) - a patron of Art, the founder of the Museum of Wares (the present Museum of Folk Art), financed a well-known World of Art magazine.

Savva Timofeyevich Morozov (1862-1905) a chemist by training, a richest landlord and a strict businessman, made enormous donations to support the revolutionary movement in Russia (the bolshevists newspaper Iskra and the political magazine Krasny Krest). Savva Timofeyevich was admitted to be a miser, but at the same time he was a generous patron of Art, theatre, in particular. By some disputable reason he committed a suicide.

The Morozovs established numerous charities. In 1918 all enterprises owned by Morozovs were nationalized: walloping art collections were divided between the Hermitage in St. Petersburg and the Pushkins Museum in Moscow. The Soviet authorities sold some masterpieces abroad, but those Morozovs who emigrated proceeded with their business in other countries.

The first Morozov, Savva Vasilievich, saw to it that all his descendants were buried at one and the same place, at Rogozhskoye Cemetery in Moscow: there is a white stone cross with a dim epitaph standing next to his grave and the inscription says Here lies the kin of Savva Vasilievich Morozov, the merchant of the First Class. Four generations of the family are buried there.


Olga Pletneva


Next Previous

You might also find interesting:

Anti-Russian Sanctions Cost Various States More Than 100 Billion Dollars Mergers and Acquisitions of Russian Market German Industrial Companies Invested 2 Billion Euros In Russia Russia Mulls New Financial Watchdog 200 Largest Private Companies In Russia

Comment on our site

RSS   twitter      submit

Transoprtation  Aliexpress  Kamchatka  Russian Film Directors  ArtDocFest  Greece  Caviar  Information systems and technologies  Russian scientists  Russian Cinema  Russian business  Concerts in St. Petersburg  coronavirus  Russian ballet  IT  Evgeni Plyushchenko  Toronto International Film Festival  St. Petersburg  Museums of Izhevsk  online booking  Exhibitions in Moscow  raitings  physics  Echo of Moscow  Tutaev  Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Russia  Photography  buy Russian fashion designers online  Festival "Imperial Gardens of Russia"   Moscow  Russian football team  Russian tourism  Ukraine  Promsvyazbank   Far North   invest  Russian science  Ryazan Region  education  Year of Literature  Alexei Kudrin  human rights  Soyuzmultfilm  Russian cities  Far East  Irkutsk Region  Lipetsk   Russian economy  Romanovs  Resources 

Travel Blogs
Top Traveling Sites